The sampling efficiency of personal inhalable aerosol samplers in low air movement environments

L. C. Kenny, R. J. Aitken, P. E J Baldwin, G. C. Beaumont, Andrew Maynard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experimental systems were developed in two laboratories for measuring the sampling efficiency of personal inhalable aerosol samplers in low air movement environments, using sedimenting aerosols. The sampling efficiencies of four types of personal inhalable or total dust sampler were measured; the samplers chosen were the IOM sampler, the GSP conical inhalable sampler, the UK seven-hole sampler and the 37 mm closed face sampling cassette. Isolated samplers or manikin-mounted samplers were slowly rotated in an aerosol chamber, whilst mounted in orientations similar to those in which they are normally used for personal sampling. Measurements were made using nine aluminium oxide test aerosols with aerodynamic diameter values ranging from 6 to 90 μm. Reference concentrations in the aerosol chamber were measured using slowly circling sharp-edged probes with matched forward and aspiration velocities, to simulate isokinetic sampling. Sampling efficiencies for the IOM, GSP and seven-hole samplers measured using this system were generally higher than wind tunnel results previously reported at an external wind speed of 0.5 m s-1. For the 37 mm sampler the results were generally lower than the previous wind tunnel results. Measurements made with the samplers mounted on the torso of the manikin showed positional differences in sampling efficiency, but the average sampling efficiencies were similar whether the samplers were on or off the manikin. The experimental system developed in this work is simpler and gives more reproducible results than the wind tunnel tests of samplers (mounted on a life-size manikin) that are normally used to assess personal sampler performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-638
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Aerosol Science
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Aerosols
sampler
aerosol
Sampling
sampling
Air
Wind tunnels
wind tunnel
air movement
Aluminum Oxide
Dust
Aerodynamics
Aluminum
Oxides
aluminum oxide
aerodynamics
wind velocity
probe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

The sampling efficiency of personal inhalable aerosol samplers in low air movement environments. / Kenny, L. C.; Aitken, R. J.; Baldwin, P. E J; Beaumont, G. C.; Maynard, Andrew.

In: Journal of Aerosol Science, Vol. 30, No. 5, 06.1999, p. 627-638.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kenny, L. C. ; Aitken, R. J. ; Baldwin, P. E J ; Beaumont, G. C. ; Maynard, Andrew. / The sampling efficiency of personal inhalable aerosol samplers in low air movement environments. In: Journal of Aerosol Science. 1999 ; Vol. 30, No. 5. pp. 627-638.
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