The role of working memory in levels of situation awareness

Robert S. Gutzwiller, Benjamin A. Clegg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Situation awareness (SA) brings together theories in cognition to examine what an operator perceives, understands and predicts about their environment. Previous characterization of working memory (WM) influence in levels of awareness however is sparse and has several shortcomings, including how both WM and SA have been measured. In the current experiment, a factor analytic approach to WM was adopted based on performance on three different WM tasks. These factor scores were then related to SA which was measured over two forms of scenarios in a complex dynamic decision-making task. In one scenario, Level 1 SA was assessed, and the other assessed Level 3 processes implicitly. Findings from 99 participants indicate WM was unrelated to Level 1, but was related to Level 3 SA with the relationship strengthening with increasing task experience. These results refine and contribute to ongoing theory in the context of SA and dynamic task performance, and provide future directives to individual differences research in human factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-154
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Short-Term Memory
Data storage equipment
scenario
Human engineering
Task Performance and Analysis
Decision making
performance
cognition
Individuality
Cognition
Decision Making
decision making
experiment
Experiments
Research
experience

Keywords

  • Implicit measures
  • Individual differences
  • Situation awareness
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

The role of working memory in levels of situation awareness. / Gutzwiller, Robert S.; Clegg, Benjamin A.

In: Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, Vol. 7, No. 2, 01.06.2013, p. 141-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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