The role of peer delinquency and unstructured socializing in explaining delinquency and substance use: A state-of-the-art review

Evelien M. Hoeben, Ryan C. Meldrum, D'Andre Walker, Jacob Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Peer delinquency and unstructured socializing have been identified as important correlates of delinquency and substance use. This state-of-the-art review explicates research into these associations to identify important trends in the literature and directions for future research. Methods A search of the criminological literature and literatures of allied disciplines was executed to identify studies that have examined the potential influence of peer delinquency and unstructured socializing on delinquency and substance use. Results The review highlights the theoretical underpinnings of the two constructs, issues of measurement quality, the generality of effects on delinquency and substance use, advances in the respective literatures, and important remaining gaps for future research to fill. Conclusions While considerable attention has been given to studying the potential influence of peer delinquency and unstructured socializing on delinquency and substance use, there remain a number of ways in which these literatures can be advanced to provide a more complete understanding of the relevance of these constructs for the etiology of delinquency and substance use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-122
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Criminal Justice
Volume47
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • delinquency
  • Peer delinquency
  • review
  • substance use
  • unstructured socializing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law

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