The role of nanotechnology in tackling global water challenges

Meagan S. Mauter, Ines Zucker, Francois Perreault, Jay R. Werber, Jae Hong Kim, Menachem Elimelech

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sustainable provision of safe, clean and adequate water supply is a global challenge. Water treatment and desalination technologies remain chemically and energy intensive, ineffective in removing key trace contaminants, and poorly suited to deployment in decentralized (distributed) water treatment systems globally. Several recent efforts have sought to leverage the reactive and tunable properties of nanomaterials to address these technological shortcomings. This Review assesses the potential applications of nanomaterials in advancing sustainable water treatment systems and proposes ways to evaluate the environmental risks and social acceptance of nanotechnology-enabled water treatment processes. Future areas of research necessary to realize safe deployment of promising nanomaterial applications are also identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-175
Number of pages10
JournalNature Sustainability
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Urban Studies
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Food Science

Cite this

Mauter, M. S., Zucker, I., Perreault, F., Werber, J. R., Kim, J. H., & Elimelech, M. (2018). The role of nanotechnology in tackling global water challenges. Nature Sustainability, 1(4), 166-175. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-018-0046-8