The role of biomass in California's hydrogen economy

Nathan Parker, Joan M. Ogden, Yueyue Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a model of hydrogen production from waste biomass in California. We develop a profit-maximizing model of a biomass hydrogen industry from field to vehicle tank. This model is used to estimate the economic potential for hydrogen production from two waste biomass resources in Northern California-wheat straw and rice straw-taking into account the on the ground geographic dimensions of both biomass supply and hydrogen demand. The systems analysis approach allows for explicit consideration of the interactions between feedstock collection, hydrogen production, and hydrogen distribution in finding the optimal system design. This case study approach provides insight into both the real-world potential and the real-world cost of producing hydrogen from waste biomass. Additional context is provided through the estimation of California's total waste biomass hydrogen potential. We find that enough biomass is available from waste sources to provide up to 40% of the current California passenger car fuel demand as hydrogen. Optimized supply chains result in delivered hydrogen costing between $3/kg and $5.50/kg with one-tenth of the well-to-wheels greenhouse gas emissions of conventional gasoline-fueled vehicles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3925-3939
Number of pages15
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Biomass
hydrogen
Hydrogen
biomass
Hydrogen production
Straw
Systems analysis
straw
Optimal systems
Passenger cars
economy
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Feedstocks
Supply chains
Gasoline
Profitability
Wheels
systems analysis
Economics

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Hydrogen
  • Supply chain optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

The role of biomass in California's hydrogen economy. / Parker, Nathan; Ogden, Joan M.; Fan, Yueyue.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 36, No. 10, 01.10.2008, p. 3925-3939.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Parker, Nathan ; Ogden, Joan M. ; Fan, Yueyue. / The role of biomass in California's hydrogen economy. In: Energy Policy. 2008 ; Vol. 36, No. 10. pp. 3925-3939.
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