The road to the red sequence

A detailed view of the formation of a massive galaxy at z ∼ 2

Ignacio Ferreras, Anna Pasquali, Sadegh Khochfar, Harald Kuntschner, Martin Kümmel, Nor Pirzkal, Rogier Windhorst, Sangeeta Malhotra, James Rhoads, Robert W. O'Connell, Seth Cohen, Nimish P. Hathi, Russell E. Ryan, Haojing Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over half of the census of massive galaxies at z 2 are dominated by quiescent stellar populations. The formation mechanism for these galaxies is still under debate, with models relying either on massive and early mergers or cold accretion. It is therefore imperative to understand in detail the properties of these galaxies. We present here a detailed analysis of the star formation history (SFH) of FW4871, a massive galaxy at z = 1.893 ± 0.002. We compare rest-frame optical and NUV slitless grism spectra from the Hubble Space Telescope with a large set of composite stellar populations to constrain the underlying SFH. Even though the morphology features prominent tidal tails, indicative of a recent merger, there is no sign of ongoing star formation within an aperture encircling one effective radius, which corresponds to a physical extent of 2.6kpc. A model assuming truncation of an otherwise constant SFH gives a formation epoch z F 10 with a truncation after 2.7Gyr, giving a mass-weighted age of 1.5Gyr and a stellar mass of (0.8-3) × 10 11 M · (the intervals representing the output from different population synthesis models), implying star formation rates of 30-110M · yr -1. A more complex model including a recent burst of star formation places the age of the youngest component at 145 +450 - 70Myr, with a mass contribution lower than 20%, and a maximum amount of dust reddening of E(B - V) < 0.4mag (95% confidence levels). This low level of dust reddening is consistent with the low emission observed at 24 μm, corresponding to rest-frame 8 μm, where polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emission should contribute significantly if a strong formation episode were present. The color profile of FW4871 does not suggest a significant radial trend in the properties of the stellar populations out to 3 R e. We suggest that the recent merger that formed FW4871 is responsible for the quenching of its star formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number47
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume144
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

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roads
star formation
merger
galaxies
road
history
histories
dust
formation mechanism
census
PAH
accretion
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
star formation rate
stellar mass
approximation
Hubble Space Telescope
confidence
bursts
apertures

Keywords

  • CD - galaxies: individual (FW4871)
  • Galaxies: elliptical and lenticular
  • Galaxies: stellar content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Ferreras, I., Pasquali, A., Khochfar, S., Kuntschner, H., Kümmel, M., Pirzkal, N., ... Yan, H. (2012). The road to the red sequence: A detailed view of the formation of a massive galaxy at z ∼ 2. Astronomical Journal, 144(2), [47]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/144/2/47

The road to the red sequence : A detailed view of the formation of a massive galaxy at z ∼ 2. / Ferreras, Ignacio; Pasquali, Anna; Khochfar, Sadegh; Kuntschner, Harald; Kümmel, Martin; Pirzkal, Nor; Windhorst, Rogier; Malhotra, Sangeeta; Rhoads, James; O'Connell, Robert W.; Cohen, Seth; Hathi, Nimish P.; Ryan, Russell E.; Yan, Haojing.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 144, No. 2, 47, 08.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ferreras, I, Pasquali, A, Khochfar, S, Kuntschner, H, Kümmel, M, Pirzkal, N, Windhorst, R, Malhotra, S, Rhoads, J, O'Connell, RW, Cohen, S, Hathi, NP, Ryan, RE & Yan, H 2012, 'The road to the red sequence: A detailed view of the formation of a massive galaxy at z ∼ 2', Astronomical Journal, vol. 144, no. 2, 47. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/144/2/47
Ferreras, Ignacio ; Pasquali, Anna ; Khochfar, Sadegh ; Kuntschner, Harald ; Kümmel, Martin ; Pirzkal, Nor ; Windhorst, Rogier ; Malhotra, Sangeeta ; Rhoads, James ; O'Connell, Robert W. ; Cohen, Seth ; Hathi, Nimish P. ; Ryan, Russell E. ; Yan, Haojing. / The road to the red sequence : A detailed view of the formation of a massive galaxy at z ∼ 2. In: Astronomical Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 144, No. 2.
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abstract = "Over half of the census of massive galaxies at z 2 are dominated by quiescent stellar populations. The formation mechanism for these galaxies is still under debate, with models relying either on massive and early mergers or cold accretion. It is therefore imperative to understand in detail the properties of these galaxies. We present here a detailed analysis of the star formation history (SFH) of FW4871, a massive galaxy at z = 1.893 ± 0.002. We compare rest-frame optical and NUV slitless grism spectra from the Hubble Space Telescope with a large set of composite stellar populations to constrain the underlying SFH. Even though the morphology features prominent tidal tails, indicative of a recent merger, there is no sign of ongoing star formation within an aperture encircling one effective radius, which corresponds to a physical extent of 2.6kpc. A model assuming truncation of an otherwise constant SFH gives a formation epoch z F 10 with a truncation after 2.7Gyr, giving a mass-weighted age of 1.5Gyr and a stellar mass of (0.8-3) × 10 11 M · (the intervals representing the output from different population synthesis models), implying star formation rates of 30-110M · yr -1. A more complex model including a recent burst of star formation places the age of the youngest component at 145 +450 - 70Myr, with a mass contribution lower than 20{\%}, and a maximum amount of dust reddening of E(B - V) < 0.4mag (95{\%} confidence levels). This low level of dust reddening is consistent with the low emission observed at 24 μm, corresponding to rest-frame 8 μm, where polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emission should contribute significantly if a strong formation episode were present. The color profile of FW4871 does not suggest a significant radial trend in the properties of the stellar populations out to 3 R e. We suggest that the recent merger that formed FW4871 is responsible for the quenching of its star formation.",
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