The relationship between localization and the Franssen effect was studied for noise and tones in a sound-deadened and in a live room. The noise was wideband and the tones were 250, 500, 1000, 1500, 2500, and 4000 Hz. Listeners were asked to determine the location of the stimuli in a localization task and to discriminate the difference between a pair of stimuli used to generate the Franssen illusion and a steady-state tone in a Franssen-effect discrimination task. Poor performance in the Franssen-effect discrimination task is consistent with the stimulus conditions leading to a strong Franssen illusion. Poor performance in both the Franssen effect and localization tasks was obtained for midfrequency tones (near 1500 Hz) and in the live room. Thus, the Franssen illusion is strongest for a live room and for midfrequency tones consistent with the difficulty listeners have in localizing sounds under these conditions. These results are consistent with those of Hartmann and Rakerd [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86, 1366-1373 (1989)] and support their suggestion of a correlation between the Franssen effect and localization in rooms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics