The relationship between leisure-time physical activity and the metabolic syndrome: An examination of NHANES III, 1988-1994

Katrina D. DuBose, Cheryl L. Addy, Barbara E. Ainsworth, Gregory A. Hand, J. Larry Durstine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study was performed to determine the relationship between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and the metabolic syndrome (MS) in 16,681 adults (43 ± 0.44 y) enrolled in NHANES III. Methods: LTPA was classified as regularly active ( 5 d/wk moderate and/or 3 d/wk vigorous), irregularly active (some LTPA), or inactive (no LTPA). The MS was positive with three or more conditions: 1) abdominal obesity, 2) low HDL-C, 3) hypertriglyceridemia, 4) elevated blood pressure, or 5) elevated glucose. Logistic regression examined the relationship between LTPA and the MS, adjusting for age, race, smoking status, and educational attainment stratified by gender. Results: In men only, irregular activity and inactivity was related to an increase in the MS (irregular: OR = 1.52 95% CI 1.11, 1.23; inactive: OR = 1.60, 95% CI 1.18, 1.98; test for trend P = 0.004). Inactivity increased the odds for abdominal obesity (P < 0.05). Conclusions: LTPA levels might influence the development of MS and abdominal obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-487
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Keywords

  • CVD risk factors
  • Exercise
  • Population study
  • Syndrome X

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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