The relationship between leisure-time physical activity and the metabolic syndrome

An examination of NHANES III, 1988-1994

Katrina D. DuBose, Cheryl L. Addy, Barbara Ainsworth, Gregory A. Hand, J. Larry Durstine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This study was performed to determine the relationship between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and the metabolic syndrome (MS) in 16,681 adults (43 ± 0.44 y) enrolled in NHANES III. Methods: LTPA was classified as regularly active ( 5 d/wk moderate and/or 3 d/wk vigorous), irregularly active (some LTPA), or inactive (no LTPA). The MS was positive with three or more conditions: 1) abdominal obesity, 2) low HDL-C, 3) hypertriglyceridemia, 4) elevated blood pressure, or 5) elevated glucose. Logistic regression examined the relationship between LTPA and the MS, adjusting for age, race, smoking status, and educational attainment stratified by gender. Results: In men only, irregular activity and inactivity was related to an increase in the MS (irregular: OR = 1.52 95% CI 1.11, 1.23; inactive: OR = 1.60, 95% CI 1.18, 1.98; test for trend P = 0.004). Inactivity increased the odds for abdominal obesity (P < 0.05). Conclusions: LTPA levels might influence the development of MS and abdominal obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-487
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nutrition Surveys
Leisure Activities
Exercise
Abdominal Obesity
HDL3 Lipoprotein
Educational Status
Hypertriglyceridemia
Logistic Models
Smoking
Blood Pressure
Glucose

Keywords

  • CVD risk factors
  • Exercise
  • Population study
  • Syndrome X

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

The relationship between leisure-time physical activity and the metabolic syndrome : An examination of NHANES III, 1988-1994. / DuBose, Katrina D.; Addy, Cheryl L.; Ainsworth, Barbara; Hand, Gregory A.; Larry Durstine, J.

In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Vol. 2, No. 4, 01.10.2005, p. 470-487.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DuBose, Katrina D. ; Addy, Cheryl L. ; Ainsworth, Barbara ; Hand, Gregory A. ; Larry Durstine, J. / The relationship between leisure-time physical activity and the metabolic syndrome : An examination of NHANES III, 1988-1994. In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2005 ; Vol. 2, No. 4. pp. 470-487.
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