The relationship between adaptive behavior and social skills: Issues in definition and assessment

Frank M. Gresham, Stephen N. Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Social skills and adaptive behavior represent two subdomains of the superordinate construct of social competence. Adaptive behavior is viewed as the effectiveness and degree to which an individual meets social/cultural standards of personal independence and social responsibility. Social skills represent behaviors which, in specific situations, predict important social outcomes for children and youth. This article presents a conceptualization of social competence relevant for school settings. Relationships between adaptive behavior and social skills are documented and a classification system for social competence deficits is provided. Assessment procedures for classification and intervention purposes will be described with special reference to commonly used adaptive behavior measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-181
Number of pages15
JournalThe Journal of Special Education
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation

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