The relations of problem behavior status to children's negative emotionality, effortful control, and impulsivity

Concurrent relations and prediction of change

Nancy Eisenberg, Adrienne Sadovsky, Tracy Spinrad, Richard Fabes, Sandra Losoya, Carlos Valiente, Mark Reiser, Amanda Cumberland, Stephanie A. Shepard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

257 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relations of children's internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors to their concurrent regulation, impulsivity (reactive undercontrol), anger, sadness, and fearfulness and these aspects of functioning 2 years prior were examined. Parents and teachers completed measures of children's (N = 185; ages 6 through 9 years) adjustment, negative emotionality, regulation, and behavior control; behavioral measures of regulation also were obtained. In general, both internalizing and externalizing problems were associated with negative emotionality. Externalizers were low in effortful regulation and high in impulsivity, whereas internalizers, compared with nondisordered children, were low in impulsivity but not effortful control. Moreover, indices of negative emotionality, regulation, and impulsivity with the level of the same variables 2 years before controlled predicted stability versus change in problem behavior status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-211
Number of pages19
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2005

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emotionality
Impulsive Behavior
regulation
Social Adjustment
Behavior Control
Anger
behavior control
anger
Parents
parents
Problem Behavior
teacher

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

The relations of problem behavior status to children's negative emotionality, effortful control, and impulsivity : Concurrent relations and prediction of change. / Eisenberg, Nancy; Sadovsky, Adrienne; Spinrad, Tracy; Fabes, Richard; Losoya, Sandra; Valiente, Carlos; Reiser, Mark; Cumberland, Amanda; Shepard, Stephanie A.

In: Developmental Psychology, Vol. 41, No. 1, 01.2005, p. 193-211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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