The Relations of Parenting, Effortful Control, and Ego Control to Children's Emotional Expressivity

Nancy Eisenberg, Qing Zhou, Sandra Losoya, Richard Fabes, Stephanie A. Shepard, Bridget C. Murphy, Mark Reiser, Ivanna K. Guthrie, Amanda Cumberland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


The relations of observed parental warmth and positive expressivity and children's effortful control and ego control with children's high versus low emotional expressivity were examined in a 2-wave study of 180 children (M age = 112.8 months). There were quadratic relations between adults' reports of children's emotional expressivity and effortful control; moderate expressivity was associated with high effortful control. Structural equation models supported the hypothesis that children's ego overcontrol (versus undercontrol) mediated the relation between parental warmth or positive expressivity and children's emotional expressivity, although parenting at the follow-up did not uniquely predict in children's expressivity after controlling for the relations in these constructs over time. The alternative hypothesis that children's ego overcontrol elicited positive parenting and expressivity also was supported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)875-895
Number of pages21
JournalChild development
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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