The relations between children's past experiences, social knowledge, and memories for social situations

Andrea F. Greenhoot, Monica Tsethlikai, Beth J. Wagoner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study explored the relations between 5- and 6-year-olds' (N= 40) past social experiences, social knowledge, and interpretation and recall of social situations. Children were read stories depicting a fictional child's behaviors, and path analyses related children's impressions of the story character and story recall to their expectations about social situations and parent reports of their behavioral histories. Children's behavioral histories predicted their social expectations, which predicted their impressions of the character, and their impressions shaped their memories of the character's behaviors. These links, however, varied according to the complexity of social knowledge. The findings suggest that individual differences in children's interpretation and recall of identical events may be partially explained by variations in past experience and background knowledge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-340
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Cognition and Development
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Child Behavior
Individuality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

The relations between children's past experiences, social knowledge, and memories for social situations. / Greenhoot, Andrea F.; Tsethlikai, Monica; Wagoner, Beth J.

In: Journal of Cognition and Development, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2006, p. 313-340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{807cb72341614b72bcda41d0c52ae2de,
title = "The relations between children's past experiences, social knowledge, and memories for social situations",
abstract = "This study explored the relations between 5- and 6-year-olds' (N= 40) past social experiences, social knowledge, and interpretation and recall of social situations. Children were read stories depicting a fictional child's behaviors, and path analyses related children's impressions of the story character and story recall to their expectations about social situations and parent reports of their behavioral histories. Children's behavioral histories predicted their social expectations, which predicted their impressions of the character, and their impressions shaped their memories of the character's behaviors. These links, however, varied according to the complexity of social knowledge. The findings suggest that individual differences in children's interpretation and recall of identical events may be partially explained by variations in past experience and background knowledge.",
author = "Greenhoot, {Andrea F.} and Monica Tsethlikai and Wagoner, {Beth J.}",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1207/s15327647jcd0703_6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
pages = "313--340",
journal = "Journal of Cognition and Development",
issn = "1524-8372",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The relations between children's past experiences, social knowledge, and memories for social situations

AU - Greenhoot, Andrea F.

AU - Tsethlikai, Monica

AU - Wagoner, Beth J.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - This study explored the relations between 5- and 6-year-olds' (N= 40) past social experiences, social knowledge, and interpretation and recall of social situations. Children were read stories depicting a fictional child's behaviors, and path analyses related children's impressions of the story character and story recall to their expectations about social situations and parent reports of their behavioral histories. Children's behavioral histories predicted their social expectations, which predicted their impressions of the character, and their impressions shaped their memories of the character's behaviors. These links, however, varied according to the complexity of social knowledge. The findings suggest that individual differences in children's interpretation and recall of identical events may be partially explained by variations in past experience and background knowledge.

AB - This study explored the relations between 5- and 6-year-olds' (N= 40) past social experiences, social knowledge, and interpretation and recall of social situations. Children were read stories depicting a fictional child's behaviors, and path analyses related children's impressions of the story character and story recall to their expectations about social situations and parent reports of their behavioral histories. Children's behavioral histories predicted their social expectations, which predicted their impressions of the character, and their impressions shaped their memories of the character's behaviors. These links, however, varied according to the complexity of social knowledge. The findings suggest that individual differences in children's interpretation and recall of identical events may be partially explained by variations in past experience and background knowledge.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33748495810&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33748495810&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1207/s15327647jcd0703_6

DO - 10.1207/s15327647jcd0703_6

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33748495810

VL - 7

SP - 313

EP - 340

JO - Journal of Cognition and Development

JF - Journal of Cognition and Development

SN - 1524-8372

IS - 3

ER -