The Relation of Pro-Sociality to Self-Esteem: The Mediational Role of Quality of Friendships

Antonio Zuffianò, Nancy Eisenberg, Guido Alessandri, Bernadette Paula Luengo Kanacri, Concetta Pastorelli, Michela Milioni, Gian Vittorio Caprara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present longitudinal study examined the role of quality of friendship in mediating the relation of pro-sociality to self-esteem over time. Participants were 424 Italian young adults (56% females) assessed at two waves (Mage=21.1 at Time 1; Mage=25 at Time 2). An autoregressive cross-lagged panel model was used to test the mediational model. Self- and friend-report measures of pro-sociality, quality of friendship, and self-esteem were included in the analyses. Results were in line with the hypothesized paths, with quality of friendship mediating the relation of pro-sociality to later self-esteem above and beyond its high stability. Self-esteem, in turn, predicted pro-sociality 4 years later. Overall, the present findings support the potential benefits of behaving pro-socially for an actor in terms of increased perceived self-worth and also expand previous work by outlining the specific mediational role of the quality of friendships. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-70
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of personality
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The Relation of Pro-Sociality to Self-Esteem: The Mediational Role of Quality of Friendships'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Zuffianò, A., Eisenberg, N., Alessandri, G., Luengo Kanacri, B. P., Pastorelli, C., Milioni, M., & Caprara, G. V. (2016). The Relation of Pro-Sociality to Self-Esteem: The Mediational Role of Quality of Friendships. Journal of personality, 84(1), 59-70. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12137