The recall of physical activity

Using a cognitive model of the question-answering process

Richard Durante, Barbara Ainsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

153 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Issues related to the validity and reliability of self-reports of physical activity are an important consideration in assessing the relation between physical activity and various health outcomes that are of interest to epidemiologists. This paper examines the case for incorporating survey methods procedures into the development, refinement, and administration of instruments designed to obtain self-report information on physical activity. In doing so, we present a method of question analysis that enables researchers to identify potential cognitive difficulties with a question and then identify possible methods for improving data quality that have successfully improved the validity of survey instruments in other areas. In doing this, we review portions of the literature in cognitive psychology devoted to autobiographical memory and discuss methods that have emerged from this research that enhance the overall validity and reliability of the data obtained in a variety of health-related areas. We also illustrate ways in which these methods can be incorporated into existing physical activity surveys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1282-1291
Number of pages10
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume28
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Exercise
Reproducibility of Results
Self Report
Episodic Memory
Health
Research Personnel
Psychology
Research
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
  • MEMORY
  • PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • SELF-REPORTS
  • VALIDITY

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

The recall of physical activity : Using a cognitive model of the question-answering process. / Durante, Richard; Ainsworth, Barbara.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 28, No. 10, 10.1996, p. 1282-1291.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b40c13b6873e4155b9622aec845dc4c4,
title = "The recall of physical activity: Using a cognitive model of the question-answering process",
abstract = "Issues related to the validity and reliability of self-reports of physical activity are an important consideration in assessing the relation between physical activity and various health outcomes that are of interest to epidemiologists. This paper examines the case for incorporating survey methods procedures into the development, refinement, and administration of instruments designed to obtain self-report information on physical activity. In doing so, we present a method of question analysis that enables researchers to identify potential cognitive difficulties with a question and then identify possible methods for improving data quality that have successfully improved the validity of survey instruments in other areas. In doing this, we review portions of the literature in cognitive psychology devoted to autobiographical memory and discuss methods that have emerged from this research that enhance the overall validity and reliability of the data obtained in a variety of health-related areas. We also illustrate ways in which these methods can be incorporated into existing physical activity surveys.",
keywords = "COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, MEMORY, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, SELF-REPORTS, VALIDITY",
author = "Richard Durante and Barbara Ainsworth",
year = "1996",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1097/00005768-199610000-00012",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "1282--1291",
journal = "Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise",
issn = "0195-9131",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The recall of physical activity

T2 - Using a cognitive model of the question-answering process

AU - Durante, Richard

AU - Ainsworth, Barbara

PY - 1996/10

Y1 - 1996/10

N2 - Issues related to the validity and reliability of self-reports of physical activity are an important consideration in assessing the relation between physical activity and various health outcomes that are of interest to epidemiologists. This paper examines the case for incorporating survey methods procedures into the development, refinement, and administration of instruments designed to obtain self-report information on physical activity. In doing so, we present a method of question analysis that enables researchers to identify potential cognitive difficulties with a question and then identify possible methods for improving data quality that have successfully improved the validity of survey instruments in other areas. In doing this, we review portions of the literature in cognitive psychology devoted to autobiographical memory and discuss methods that have emerged from this research that enhance the overall validity and reliability of the data obtained in a variety of health-related areas. We also illustrate ways in which these methods can be incorporated into existing physical activity surveys.

AB - Issues related to the validity and reliability of self-reports of physical activity are an important consideration in assessing the relation between physical activity and various health outcomes that are of interest to epidemiologists. This paper examines the case for incorporating survey methods procedures into the development, refinement, and administration of instruments designed to obtain self-report information on physical activity. In doing so, we present a method of question analysis that enables researchers to identify potential cognitive difficulties with a question and then identify possible methods for improving data quality that have successfully improved the validity of survey instruments in other areas. In doing this, we review portions of the literature in cognitive psychology devoted to autobiographical memory and discuss methods that have emerged from this research that enhance the overall validity and reliability of the data obtained in a variety of health-related areas. We also illustrate ways in which these methods can be incorporated into existing physical activity surveys.

KW - COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY

KW - MEMORY

KW - PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

KW - SELF-REPORTS

KW - VALIDITY

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029859932&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029859932&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/00005768-199610000-00012

DO - 10.1097/00005768-199610000-00012

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 1282

EP - 1291

JO - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

JF - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

SN - 0195-9131

IS - 10

ER -