The Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Prosocial Behavior

Joan Silk, Bailey R. House

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Humans rely on cooperation among large numbers of unrelated group members to a much greater extent than any other animals do. Moreover, most people have social preferences that motivate them to feel concern for the welfare of others and take advantage of opportunities to behave altruistically toward others. This raises two important questions: Are differences in the form, extent, and scope of cooperation among humans and other primates associated with differences in the nature of their social preferences? How do social preferences unfold over the course of development in humans? Here, we review a growing body of research that addresses these two questions. We focus on a set of experiments that were inspired by research in behavioral economics. In these experiments, subjects are presented with choices that have different material payoffs for themselves and others, and the choices that subjects make reveal their underlying preferences. This work is allowing researchers to begin to map out the phylogeny and ontogeny of social preferences in humans and other primates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199940943, 9780199738182
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 18 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Phylogeny
Primates
Behavioral Economics
Human Development
Research
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Altruism
  • Dictator game
  • Fairness
  • Inequity aversion
  • Punishment
  • Ultimatum game

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Silk, J., & House, B. R. (2012). The Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Prosocial Behavior. In The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199738182.013.0020

The Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Prosocial Behavior. / Silk, Joan; House, Bailey R.

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press, 2012.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Silk, J & House, BR 2012, The Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Prosocial Behavior. in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199738182.013.0020
Silk J, House BR. The Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Prosocial Behavior. In The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press. 2012 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199738182.013.0020
Silk, Joan ; House, Bailey R. / The Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Prosocial Behavior. The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press, 2012.
@inbook{93c34d20979e46fe813a3d79253f096f,
title = "The Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Prosocial Behavior",
abstract = "Humans rely on cooperation among large numbers of unrelated group members to a much greater extent than any other animals do. Moreover, most people have social preferences that motivate them to feel concern for the welfare of others and take advantage of opportunities to behave altruistically toward others. This raises two important questions: Are differences in the form, extent, and scope of cooperation among humans and other primates associated with differences in the nature of their social preferences? How do social preferences unfold over the course of development in humans? Here, we review a growing body of research that addresses these two questions. We focus on a set of experiments that were inspired by research in behavioral economics. In these experiments, subjects are presented with choices that have different material payoffs for themselves and others, and the choices that subjects make reveal their underlying preferences. This work is allowing researchers to begin to map out the phylogeny and ontogeny of social preferences in humans and other primates.",
keywords = "Altruism, Dictator game, Fairness, Inequity aversion, Punishment, Ultimatum game",
author = "Joan Silk and House, {Bailey R.}",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199738182.013.0020",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780199940943",
booktitle = "The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - The Phylogeny and Ontogeny of Prosocial Behavior

AU - Silk, Joan

AU - House, Bailey R.

PY - 2012/9/18

Y1 - 2012/9/18

N2 - Humans rely on cooperation among large numbers of unrelated group members to a much greater extent than any other animals do. Moreover, most people have social preferences that motivate them to feel concern for the welfare of others and take advantage of opportunities to behave altruistically toward others. This raises two important questions: Are differences in the form, extent, and scope of cooperation among humans and other primates associated with differences in the nature of their social preferences? How do social preferences unfold over the course of development in humans? Here, we review a growing body of research that addresses these two questions. We focus on a set of experiments that were inspired by research in behavioral economics. In these experiments, subjects are presented with choices that have different material payoffs for themselves and others, and the choices that subjects make reveal their underlying preferences. This work is allowing researchers to begin to map out the phylogeny and ontogeny of social preferences in humans and other primates.

AB - Humans rely on cooperation among large numbers of unrelated group members to a much greater extent than any other animals do. Moreover, most people have social preferences that motivate them to feel concern for the welfare of others and take advantage of opportunities to behave altruistically toward others. This raises two important questions: Are differences in the form, extent, and scope of cooperation among humans and other primates associated with differences in the nature of their social preferences? How do social preferences unfold over the course of development in humans? Here, we review a growing body of research that addresses these two questions. We focus on a set of experiments that were inspired by research in behavioral economics. In these experiments, subjects are presented with choices that have different material payoffs for themselves and others, and the choices that subjects make reveal their underlying preferences. This work is allowing researchers to begin to map out the phylogeny and ontogeny of social preferences in humans and other primates.

KW - Altruism

KW - Dictator game

KW - Fairness

KW - Inequity aversion

KW - Punishment

KW - Ultimatum game

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84865418630&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84865418630&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199738182.013.0020

DO - 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199738182.013.0020

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84865418630

SN - 9780199940943

SN - 9780199738182

BT - The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology

PB - Oxford University Press

ER -