The new global urban realm: Complex, connected, diffuse, and diverse social-ecological systems

Melissa R. McHale, Steward T A Pickett, Olga Barbosa, David N. Bunn, Mary L. Cadenasso, Daniel Childers, Meredith Gartin, George R. Hess, David M. Iwaniec, Timon McPhearson, M. Nils Peterson, Alexandria K. Poole, Louie Rivers, Shade Shutters, Weiqi Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urbanization continues to be a transformative process globally, affecting ecosystem integrity and the health and well being of people around the world. Although cities tend to be centers for both the production and consumption of goods and services that degrade natural environments, there is also evidence that urban ecosystems can play a positive role in sustainability efforts. Despite the fact that most of the urbanization is now occurring in the developing countries of the Global South, much of what we know about urban ecosystems has been developed from studying cities in the United States and across Europe. We propose a conceptual framework to broaden the development of urban ecological research and its application to sustainability. Our framework describes four key contemporary urban features that should be accounted for in any attempt to build a unified theory of cities that contributes to urban sustainability efforts. We evaluated a range of examples from cities around the world, highlighting how urban areas are complex, connected, diffuse and diverse and what these interconnected features mean for the study of urban ecosystems and sustainability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5211-5240
Number of pages30
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

ecological system
social system
urban ecosystem
Ecosystems
Sustainable development
sustainability
urbanization
conceptual framework
Developing countries
integrity
urban area
well-being
developing world
Health
developing country
city
ecosystem
health
evidence
world

Keywords

  • Science of cities
  • Socio-ecological systems
  • Urban theory
  • Urbanization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

McHale, M. R., Pickett, S. T. A., Barbosa, O., Bunn, D. N., Cadenasso, M. L., Childers, D., ... Zhou, W. (2015). The new global urban realm: Complex, connected, diffuse, and diverse social-ecological systems. Sustainability (Switzerland), 7(5), 5211-5240. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7055211

The new global urban realm : Complex, connected, diffuse, and diverse social-ecological systems. / McHale, Melissa R.; Pickett, Steward T A; Barbosa, Olga; Bunn, David N.; Cadenasso, Mary L.; Childers, Daniel; Gartin, Meredith; Hess, George R.; Iwaniec, David M.; McPhearson, Timon; Nils Peterson, M.; Poole, Alexandria K.; Rivers, Louie; Shutters, Shade; Zhou, Weiqi.

In: Sustainability (Switzerland), Vol. 7, No. 5, 2015, p. 5211-5240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McHale, MR, Pickett, STA, Barbosa, O, Bunn, DN, Cadenasso, ML, Childers, D, Gartin, M, Hess, GR, Iwaniec, DM, McPhearson, T, Nils Peterson, M, Poole, AK, Rivers, L, Shutters, S & Zhou, W 2015, 'The new global urban realm: Complex, connected, diffuse, and diverse social-ecological systems', Sustainability (Switzerland), vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 5211-5240. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7055211
McHale, Melissa R. ; Pickett, Steward T A ; Barbosa, Olga ; Bunn, David N. ; Cadenasso, Mary L. ; Childers, Daniel ; Gartin, Meredith ; Hess, George R. ; Iwaniec, David M. ; McPhearson, Timon ; Nils Peterson, M. ; Poole, Alexandria K. ; Rivers, Louie ; Shutters, Shade ; Zhou, Weiqi. / The new global urban realm : Complex, connected, diffuse, and diverse social-ecological systems. In: Sustainability (Switzerland). 2015 ; Vol. 7, No. 5. pp. 5211-5240.
@article{c028c14de1694443a53bbf036ef4aeb6,
title = "The new global urban realm: Complex, connected, diffuse, and diverse social-ecological systems",
abstract = "Urbanization continues to be a transformative process globally, affecting ecosystem integrity and the health and well being of people around the world. Although cities tend to be centers for both the production and consumption of goods and services that degrade natural environments, there is also evidence that urban ecosystems can play a positive role in sustainability efforts. Despite the fact that most of the urbanization is now occurring in the developing countries of the Global South, much of what we know about urban ecosystems has been developed from studying cities in the United States and across Europe. We propose a conceptual framework to broaden the development of urban ecological research and its application to sustainability. Our framework describes four key contemporary urban features that should be accounted for in any attempt to build a unified theory of cities that contributes to urban sustainability efforts. We evaluated a range of examples from cities around the world, highlighting how urban areas are complex, connected, diffuse and diverse and what these interconnected features mean for the study of urban ecosystems and sustainability.",
keywords = "Science of cities, Socio-ecological systems, Urban theory, Urbanization",
author = "McHale, {Melissa R.} and Pickett, {Steward T A} and Olga Barbosa and Bunn, {David N.} and Cadenasso, {Mary L.} and Daniel Childers and Meredith Gartin and Hess, {George R.} and Iwaniec, {David M.} and Timon McPhearson and {Nils Peterson}, M. and Poole, {Alexandria K.} and Louie Rivers and Shade Shutters and Weiqi Zhou",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.3390/su7055211",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
pages = "5211--5240",
journal = "Sustainability",
issn = "2071-1050",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The new global urban realm

T2 - Complex, connected, diffuse, and diverse social-ecological systems

AU - McHale, Melissa R.

AU - Pickett, Steward T A

AU - Barbosa, Olga

AU - Bunn, David N.

AU - Cadenasso, Mary L.

AU - Childers, Daniel

AU - Gartin, Meredith

AU - Hess, George R.

AU - Iwaniec, David M.

AU - McPhearson, Timon

AU - Nils Peterson, M.

AU - Poole, Alexandria K.

AU - Rivers, Louie

AU - Shutters, Shade

AU - Zhou, Weiqi

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Urbanization continues to be a transformative process globally, affecting ecosystem integrity and the health and well being of people around the world. Although cities tend to be centers for both the production and consumption of goods and services that degrade natural environments, there is also evidence that urban ecosystems can play a positive role in sustainability efforts. Despite the fact that most of the urbanization is now occurring in the developing countries of the Global South, much of what we know about urban ecosystems has been developed from studying cities in the United States and across Europe. We propose a conceptual framework to broaden the development of urban ecological research and its application to sustainability. Our framework describes four key contemporary urban features that should be accounted for in any attempt to build a unified theory of cities that contributes to urban sustainability efforts. We evaluated a range of examples from cities around the world, highlighting how urban areas are complex, connected, diffuse and diverse and what these interconnected features mean for the study of urban ecosystems and sustainability.

AB - Urbanization continues to be a transformative process globally, affecting ecosystem integrity and the health and well being of people around the world. Although cities tend to be centers for both the production and consumption of goods and services that degrade natural environments, there is also evidence that urban ecosystems can play a positive role in sustainability efforts. Despite the fact that most of the urbanization is now occurring in the developing countries of the Global South, much of what we know about urban ecosystems has been developed from studying cities in the United States and across Europe. We propose a conceptual framework to broaden the development of urban ecological research and its application to sustainability. Our framework describes four key contemporary urban features that should be accounted for in any attempt to build a unified theory of cities that contributes to urban sustainability efforts. We evaluated a range of examples from cities around the world, highlighting how urban areas are complex, connected, diffuse and diverse and what these interconnected features mean for the study of urban ecosystems and sustainability.

KW - Science of cities

KW - Socio-ecological systems

KW - Urban theory

KW - Urbanization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84934882118&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84934882118&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/su7055211

DO - 10.3390/su7055211

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84934882118

VL - 7

SP - 5211

EP - 5240

JO - Sustainability

JF - Sustainability

SN - 2071-1050

IS - 5

ER -