The nature of mind wandering during reading varies with the cognitive control demands of the reading strategy

Jarrod Moss, Christian D. Schunn, Walter Schneider, Danielle McNamara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prior studies of mind wandering find the default network active during mind wandering, but these studies have yielded mixed results concerning the role of cognitive control brain regions during mind wandering. Mind wandering often interferes with reading comprehension, and prior neuroimaging studies of discourse comprehension and strategic reading comprehension have shown that there are at least two networks of brain regions that support strategic discourse comprehension: a domain-general control network and a network of regions supporting coherence-building comprehension processes. The present study was designed to further examine the neural correlates of mind wandering by examining mind wandering during strategic reading comprehension. Participants provided ratings of mind wandering frequency that were used to investigate interactions between the strategy being performed and brain regions whose activation was modulated by wind wandering. The results support prior findings showing that cognitive control regions are at times more active during mind wandering than during a task with low control demands, such as rereading. This result provides an initial examination of the neural correlates of mind wandering during discourse comprehension and shows that the processes being engaged by the primary task need to be considered when studying mind wandering. The results also replicate, in a different learning domain, prior findings of key brain areas associated with different reading strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-60
Number of pages13
JournalBrain Research
Volume1539
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2013

Fingerprint

Reading
Brain
Neuroimaging
Learning

Keywords

  • Cognitive control
  • fMRI
  • Mind wandering
  • Reading strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

The nature of mind wandering during reading varies with the cognitive control demands of the reading strategy. / Moss, Jarrod; Schunn, Christian D.; Schneider, Walter; McNamara, Danielle.

In: Brain Research, Vol. 1539, 20.11.2013, p. 48-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9fd863855ef24db09bc4fb18b9f63d69,
title = "The nature of mind wandering during reading varies with the cognitive control demands of the reading strategy",
abstract = "Prior studies of mind wandering find the default network active during mind wandering, but these studies have yielded mixed results concerning the role of cognitive control brain regions during mind wandering. Mind wandering often interferes with reading comprehension, and prior neuroimaging studies of discourse comprehension and strategic reading comprehension have shown that there are at least two networks of brain regions that support strategic discourse comprehension: a domain-general control network and a network of regions supporting coherence-building comprehension processes. The present study was designed to further examine the neural correlates of mind wandering by examining mind wandering during strategic reading comprehension. Participants provided ratings of mind wandering frequency that were used to investigate interactions between the strategy being performed and brain regions whose activation was modulated by wind wandering. The results support prior findings showing that cognitive control regions are at times more active during mind wandering than during a task with low control demands, such as rereading. This result provides an initial examination of the neural correlates of mind wandering during discourse comprehension and shows that the processes being engaged by the primary task need to be considered when studying mind wandering. The results also replicate, in a different learning domain, prior findings of key brain areas associated with different reading strategies.",
keywords = "Cognitive control, fMRI, Mind wandering, Reading strategies",
author = "Jarrod Moss and Schunn, {Christian D.} and Walter Schneider and Danielle McNamara",
year = "2013",
month = "11",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1016/j.brainres.2013.09.047",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "1539",
pages = "48--60",
journal = "Brain Research",
issn = "0006-8993",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The nature of mind wandering during reading varies with the cognitive control demands of the reading strategy

AU - Moss, Jarrod

AU - Schunn, Christian D.

AU - Schneider, Walter

AU - McNamara, Danielle

PY - 2013/11/20

Y1 - 2013/11/20

N2 - Prior studies of mind wandering find the default network active during mind wandering, but these studies have yielded mixed results concerning the role of cognitive control brain regions during mind wandering. Mind wandering often interferes with reading comprehension, and prior neuroimaging studies of discourse comprehension and strategic reading comprehension have shown that there are at least two networks of brain regions that support strategic discourse comprehension: a domain-general control network and a network of regions supporting coherence-building comprehension processes. The present study was designed to further examine the neural correlates of mind wandering by examining mind wandering during strategic reading comprehension. Participants provided ratings of mind wandering frequency that were used to investigate interactions between the strategy being performed and brain regions whose activation was modulated by wind wandering. The results support prior findings showing that cognitive control regions are at times more active during mind wandering than during a task with low control demands, such as rereading. This result provides an initial examination of the neural correlates of mind wandering during discourse comprehension and shows that the processes being engaged by the primary task need to be considered when studying mind wandering. The results also replicate, in a different learning domain, prior findings of key brain areas associated with different reading strategies.

AB - Prior studies of mind wandering find the default network active during mind wandering, but these studies have yielded mixed results concerning the role of cognitive control brain regions during mind wandering. Mind wandering often interferes with reading comprehension, and prior neuroimaging studies of discourse comprehension and strategic reading comprehension have shown that there are at least two networks of brain regions that support strategic discourse comprehension: a domain-general control network and a network of regions supporting coherence-building comprehension processes. The present study was designed to further examine the neural correlates of mind wandering by examining mind wandering during strategic reading comprehension. Participants provided ratings of mind wandering frequency that were used to investigate interactions between the strategy being performed and brain regions whose activation was modulated by wind wandering. The results support prior findings showing that cognitive control regions are at times more active during mind wandering than during a task with low control demands, such as rereading. This result provides an initial examination of the neural correlates of mind wandering during discourse comprehension and shows that the processes being engaged by the primary task need to be considered when studying mind wandering. The results also replicate, in a different learning domain, prior findings of key brain areas associated with different reading strategies.

KW - Cognitive control

KW - fMRI

KW - Mind wandering

KW - Reading strategies

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84887210144&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84887210144&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.brainres.2013.09.047

DO - 10.1016/j.brainres.2013.09.047

M3 - Article

C2 - 24096208

AN - SCOPUS:84887210144

VL - 1539

SP - 48

EP - 60

JO - Brain Research

JF - Brain Research

SN - 0006-8993

ER -