The motivation to migrate

The ethnic and sociocultural constitution of the Japanese-Brazilian return-migration system

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40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When explaining what motivates the Brazilian nikkeijin to migrate, a comprehensive migration systems approach is necessary, which attempts to explain migration flows among a group of countries by using a dynamic and multicausal perspective that examines various transnational economic, sociopolitical, and ethnocultural linkages between the sending and receiving countries. Using Japanese-Brazilian return migration as an example, I will emphasize the indispensable importance of transnational ethnic and sociocultural dynamics in the shaping of migrant flows. Although push-pull forces arising from fundamental structural economic disparities between Brazil and Japan were the initial impetus for migration, ethnic connections and linkages between the Brazilian nikkeijin and the native Japanese population determined the precise destination of the migrant flow. The full development of a 'culture of migration' in the Japanese-Brazilian sending community in Brazil, as well as the formation of transnational migrant networks between Brazil and Japan, served as the sociocultural factors that subsequently increased the volume and diversity of the migrants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-31
Number of pages31
JournalEconomic Development and Cultural Change
Volume48
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

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return migration
constitution
migration
migrant
Brazil
Japan
economics
sociocultural factors
Return migration
Constitution
Migrants
community
Linkage
Economics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management

Cite this

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abstract = "When explaining what motivates the Brazilian nikkeijin to migrate, a comprehensive migration systems approach is necessary, which attempts to explain migration flows among a group of countries by using a dynamic and multicausal perspective that examines various transnational economic, sociopolitical, and ethnocultural linkages between the sending and receiving countries. Using Japanese-Brazilian return migration as an example, I will emphasize the indispensable importance of transnational ethnic and sociocultural dynamics in the shaping of migrant flows. Although push-pull forces arising from fundamental structural economic disparities between Brazil and Japan were the initial impetus for migration, ethnic connections and linkages between the Brazilian nikkeijin and the native Japanese population determined the precise destination of the migrant flow. The full development of a 'culture of migration' in the Japanese-Brazilian sending community in Brazil, as well as the formation of transnational migrant networks between Brazil and Japan, served as the sociocultural factors that subsequently increased the volume and diversity of the migrants.",
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