The Modular Embedded Multilevel Converter for MV/HVDC Applications

Di Zhang, Dong Dong, Rajib Datta, Qin Lei, Qin Lei, Luis Garces

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Many of the renewable energy resources, like offshore wind, utility PV farms, are located far away from the load centers, which requires dc power transmission system to efficiently deliver power. Voltage-source converter solution is required in many applications due to the stability and compensation requirement. This paper presents a new voltage source converter topology for medium to high voltage dc application, named modular embedded multilevel converter (MEMC). MEMC is based on a three-level topology structure and consists of series connected IGBT bridge stacks, like the popular modular multilevel converter (MMC) and series-connected thyristor or press-pack high voltage IGCT or IGBT stacks. The basic operation principle, control solutions, and the methods to commutate the thyristors are explained in detail. Due to the three-level structure, the total number of IGBT stacks are reduced by half compared with MMC, leading to much lower energy storage, weight, volume and system complexity. Also by replacing part of the IGBT stack in MMC with thyristor stack, both of the system conduction loss and switching loss can be further reduced. There are other topology variations of MEMC with a similar operational principle but different characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 26 2018


  • Bridge circuits
  • HVDC
  • Insulated gate bipolar transistors
  • MEMC
  • MMC
  • Switches
  • Thyristors
  • Topology
  • Valves
  • Voltage control
  • VSC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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