The missing large impact craters on Ceres

S. Marchi, A. I. Ermakov, C. A. Raymond, R. R. Fu, D. P. O'Brien, M. T. Bland, E. Ammannito, M. C. De Sanctis, T. Bowling, P. Schenk, J. E C Scully, D. L. Buczkowski, David Williams, H. Hiesinger, C. T. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Asteroids provide fundamental clues to the formation and evolution of planetesimals. Collisional models based on the depletion of the primordial main belt of asteroids predict 10-15 craters > 400 km should have formed on Ceres, the largest object between Mars and Jupiter, over the last 4.55 Gyr. Likewise, an extrapolation from the asteroid Vesta would require at least 6-7 such basins. However, Ceres' surface appears devoid of impact craters > ∼ 280 km. Here, we show a significant depletion of cerean craters down to 100-150 km in diameter. The overall scarcity of recognizable large craters is incompatible with collisional models, even in the case of a late implantation of Ceres in the main belt, a possibility raised by the presence of ammoniated phyllosilicates. Our results indicate that a significant population of large craters has been obliterated, implying that long-wavelength topography viscously relaxed or that Ceres experienced protracted widespread resurfacing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12257
JournalNature communications
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 26 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Marchi, S., Ermakov, A. I., Raymond, C. A., Fu, R. R., O'Brien, D. P., Bland, M. T., Ammannito, E., De Sanctis, M. C., Bowling, T., Schenk, P., Scully, J. E. C., Buczkowski, D. L., Williams, D., Hiesinger, H., & Russell, C. T. (2016). The missing large impact craters on Ceres. Nature communications, 7, [12257]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms12257