The measurement of whole-word productions

David Ingram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Attempts to measure phonological acquisition have largely focused on segments, with less effort made to examine whole-word productions. This article proposes four measures designed to estimate a child's whole-word abilities: 1. the PHONOLOGICAL MEAN LENGTH OF UTTERANCE, a measure of whole-word complexity for both child and target words, 2. the PROPORTION OF WHOLE-WORD PROXIMITY, a measure of the proximity between the child's word and its target form, 3. the PROPORTION OF WHOLE-WORD CORRECTNESS, a measure of the number of words produced correctly relative to the sample size, and 4. the PROPORTION OF WHOLE-WORD VARIABILITY, a measure of how often a child produces words in distinct phonological shapes. The central measure is the Phonological Mean Length of Utterance, which can be used to identify a child's stage of acquisition, to assess proximity to target words, and to evaluate the complexity of words. The value of the new measures will be demonstrated through preliminary applications to a range of contexts; i.e. monolingual children acquiring English (five children, 0;11 to 1;5), Cantonese (one child, 1;7), and Spanish (5 children, 2;2 to 2;11), bilingual children acquiring Hungarian-English (one child, 2;0) and Spanish-English (3 children, 2;4 to 2;11), children with phonological impairment (eighteen children, 2;11 to 5;3), and children with cochlear implants (six children, 4;5 to 7;11).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)713-733
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Child Language
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2002

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Word Production
Whole Word
Articulation Disorders
Cochlear Implants
Sample Size
ability
Proximity
Proportion
Values
Mean Length of Utterance
Phonological Impairment
English-Spanish
Cochlear Implant
Bilingual children
Correctness
Phonological Acquisition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Linguistics and Language
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

The measurement of whole-word productions. / Ingram, David.

In: Journal of Child Language, Vol. 29, No. 4, 11.2002, p. 713-733.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ingram, David. / The measurement of whole-word productions. In: Journal of Child Language. 2002 ; Vol. 29, No. 4. pp. 713-733.
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