The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mast cameras and Descent imager: Investigation and instrument descriptions

Michal C. Malin, Michael A. Ravine, Michael A. Caplinger, F. Tony Ghaemi, Jacob A. Schaffner, Justin N. Maki, James Bell, James F. Cameron, William E. Dietrich, Kenneth S. Edgett, Laurence J. Edwards, James B. Garvin, Bernard Hallet, Kenneth E. Herkenhoff, Ezat Heydari, Linda C. Kah, Mark T. Lemmon, Michelle E. Minitti, Timothy S. Olson, Timothy J. ParkerScott K. Rowland, Juergen Schieber, Ron Sletten, Robert J. Sullivan, Dawn Y. Sumner, R. Aileen Yingst, Brian M. Duston, Sean McNair, Elsa H. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Mars Science Laboratory Mast camera and Descent Imager investigations were designed, built, and operated by Malin Space Science Systems of San Diego, CA. They share common electronics and focal plane designs but have different optics. There are two Mastcams of dissimilar focal length. The Mastcam-34 has an f/8, 34 mm focal length lens, and the M-100 an f/10, 100 mm focal length lens. The M-34 field of view is about 20° × 15° with an instantaneous field of view (IFOV) of 218 μrad; the M-100 field of view (FOV) is 6.8° × 5.1° with an IFOV of 74 μrad. The M-34 can focus from 0.5 m to infinity, and the M-100 from ~1.6 m to infinity. All three cameras can acquire color images through a Bayer color filter array, and the Mastcams can also acquire images through seven science filters. Images are ≤1600 pixels wide by 1200 pixels tall. The Mastcams, mounted on the ~2 m tall Remote Sensing Mast, have a 360° azimuth and ~180° elevation field of regard. Mars Descent Imager is fixed-mounted to the bottom left front side of the rover at ~66 cm above the surface. Its fixed focus lens is in focus from ~2 m to infinity, but out of focus at 66 cm. The f/3 lens has a FOV of ~70° by 52° across and along the direction of motion, with an IFOV of 0.76 mrad. All cameras can acquire video at 4 frames/second for full frames or 720p HD at 6 fps. Images can be processed using lossy Joint Photographic Experts Group and predictive lossless compression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)506-539
Number of pages34
JournalEarth and Space Science
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

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field of view
Mars
pixel
filter
azimuth
laboratory
science
compression
remote sensing

Keywords

  • cameras
  • Curiosity
  • MARDI
  • Mars
  • Mastcam
  • MSL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Malin, M. C., Ravine, M. A., Caplinger, M. A., Tony Ghaemi, F., Schaffner, J. A., Maki, J. N., ... Jensen, E. H. (2017). The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mast cameras and Descent imager: Investigation and instrument descriptions. Earth and Space Science, 4(8), 506-539. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016EA000252

The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mast cameras and Descent imager : Investigation and instrument descriptions. / Malin, Michal C.; Ravine, Michael A.; Caplinger, Michael A.; Tony Ghaemi, F.; Schaffner, Jacob A.; Maki, Justin N.; Bell, James; Cameron, James F.; Dietrich, William E.; Edgett, Kenneth S.; Edwards, Laurence J.; Garvin, James B.; Hallet, Bernard; Herkenhoff, Kenneth E.; Heydari, Ezat; Kah, Linda C.; Lemmon, Mark T.; Minitti, Michelle E.; Olson, Timothy S.; Parker, Timothy J.; Rowland, Scott K.; Schieber, Juergen; Sletten, Ron; Sullivan, Robert J.; Sumner, Dawn Y.; Aileen Yingst, R.; Duston, Brian M.; McNair, Sean; Jensen, Elsa H.

In: Earth and Space Science, Vol. 4, No. 8, 01.08.2017, p. 506-539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malin, MC, Ravine, MA, Caplinger, MA, Tony Ghaemi, F, Schaffner, JA, Maki, JN, Bell, J, Cameron, JF, Dietrich, WE, Edgett, KS, Edwards, LJ, Garvin, JB, Hallet, B, Herkenhoff, KE, Heydari, E, Kah, LC, Lemmon, MT, Minitti, ME, Olson, TS, Parker, TJ, Rowland, SK, Schieber, J, Sletten, R, Sullivan, RJ, Sumner, DY, Aileen Yingst, R, Duston, BM, McNair, S & Jensen, EH 2017, 'The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mast cameras and Descent imager: Investigation and instrument descriptions', Earth and Space Science, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 506-539. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016EA000252
Malin, Michal C. ; Ravine, Michael A. ; Caplinger, Michael A. ; Tony Ghaemi, F. ; Schaffner, Jacob A. ; Maki, Justin N. ; Bell, James ; Cameron, James F. ; Dietrich, William E. ; Edgett, Kenneth S. ; Edwards, Laurence J. ; Garvin, James B. ; Hallet, Bernard ; Herkenhoff, Kenneth E. ; Heydari, Ezat ; Kah, Linda C. ; Lemmon, Mark T. ; Minitti, Michelle E. ; Olson, Timothy S. ; Parker, Timothy J. ; Rowland, Scott K. ; Schieber, Juergen ; Sletten, Ron ; Sullivan, Robert J. ; Sumner, Dawn Y. ; Aileen Yingst, R. ; Duston, Brian M. ; McNair, Sean ; Jensen, Elsa H. / The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mast cameras and Descent imager : Investigation and instrument descriptions. In: Earth and Space Science. 2017 ; Vol. 4, No. 8. pp. 506-539.
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