The low-frequency characteristics of PSR J0437-4715 observed with the murchison wide-field Array

N. D R Bhat, S. M. Ord, S. E. Tremblay, S. J. Tingay, A. A. Deshpande, W. Van Straten, S. Oronsaye, G. Bernardi, Judd Bowman, F. Briggs, R. J. Cappallo, B. E. Corey, D. Emrich, R. Goeke, L. J. Greenhill, B. J. Hazelton, J. N. Hewitt, M. Johnston-Hollitt, D. L. Kaplan, J. C. KasperE. Kratzenberg, C. J. Lonsdale, M. J. Lynch, S. R. McWhirter, D. A. Mitchell, M. F. Morales, E. Morgan, D. Oberoi, T. Prabu, A. E E Rogers, D. A. Roshi, N. Udaya Shankar, K. S. Srivani, R. Subrahmanyan, M. Waterson, R. B. Wayth, R. L. Webster, A. R. Whitney, A. Williams, C. L. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on the detection of the millisecond pulsar PSR J0437-4715 with the Murchison Wide-field Array (MWA) at a frequency of 192 MHz. Our observations show rapid modulations of pulse intensity in time and frequency that arise from diffractive scintillation effects in the interstellar medium (ISM), as well as prominent drifts of intensity maxima in the time-frequency plane that arise from refractive effects. Our analysis suggests that the scattering screen is located at a distance of ∼80-120 pc from the Sun, in disagreement with a recent claim that the screen is closer (∼10 pc). Comparisons with higher frequency data from Parkes reveal a dramatic evolution of the pulse profile with frequency, with the outer conal emission becoming comparable in strength to that from the core and inner conal regions. As well as demonstrating the high time resolution science capabilities currently possible with the MWA, our observations underscore the potential to conduct low-frequency investigations of timing-array millisecond pulsars, which may lead to increased sensitivity in the detection of nanoHertz gravitational waves via the accurate characterization of ISM effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL32
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume791
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2014

Keywords

  • instrumentation: interferometers
  • methods: observational
  • pulsars: general
  • pulsars: individual (PSR J0437-4715)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Bhat, N. D. R., Ord, S. M., Tremblay, S. E., Tingay, S. J., Deshpande, A. A., Van Straten, W., Oronsaye, S., Bernardi, G., Bowman, J., Briggs, F., Cappallo, R. J., Corey, B. E., Emrich, D., Goeke, R., Greenhill, L. J., Hazelton, B. J., Hewitt, J. N., Johnston-Hollitt, M., Kaplan, D. L., ... Williams, C. L. (2014). The low-frequency characteristics of PSR J0437-4715 observed with the murchison wide-field Array. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 791(2), [L32]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/791/2/L32