The legal environment underlying influenza vaccine allocation and distribution strategies

James Hodge, Jessica P. O'Connell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the fall of 2004, the United States faced a national shortage of influenza vaccine after a major vaccine manufacturer was unable to produce millions of doses of the vaccine due to potential contamination. Many public and private sector entities had far fewer doses of influenza vaccine to allocate than they had anticipated. In response, federal, state, and local public health officials, private vaccine distributors, and healthcare providers collaborated to distribute available doses of influenza vaccine. However, the existing legal framework through which allocations were made is murky. This article examines major legal issues regarding allocation strategies involving limited supplies of influenza vaccines, addressing in particular (1) existing legal requirements for allocating and distributing influenza vaccines among public health authorities and healthcare providers at the federal, state, and local levels; (2) the legal capacity of public health authorities to acquire existing vaccine supplies from healthcare providers; and (3) specific legal responses implemented by states in response to the 2004-2005 influenza vaccine shortage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)340-348
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Public Health Management and Practice
Volume12
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Influenza Vaccines
Vaccines
Health Personnel
Public Health
Private Sector
Public Sector

Keywords

  • Allocation
  • Law
  • Legislation
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy

Cite this

The legal environment underlying influenza vaccine allocation and distribution strategies. / Hodge, James; O'Connell, Jessica P.

In: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, Vol. 12, No. 4, 07.2006, p. 340-348.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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