The laminar flame speedup by 22Ne enrichment in white dwarf supernovae

David A. Chamulak, Edward F. Brown, Francis X. Timmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon-oxygen white dwarfs contain 22Ne formed from α-captures onto 14N during core He burning in the progenitor star. In a white dwarf (Type Ia) supernova, the 22Ne abundance determines, in part, the neutron-to-proton ratio and hence the abundance of radioactive 56Ni that powers the light curve. The 22Ne abundance also changes the burning rate and hence the laminar flame speed. We tabulate the flame speedup for different initial 12C and 22Ne abundances and for a range of densities. This increase in the laminar flame speed - about 30% for a 22Ne mass fraction of 6% - affects the deflagration just after ignition near the center of the white dwarf, where the laminar speed of the flame dominates over the buoyant rise, and in regions of lower density, ∼107 g cm-3, where a transition to distributed burning is conjectured to occur. The increase in flame speed will decrease the density of any transition to distributed burning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L93-L96
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume655
Issue number2 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007

Keywords

  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances
  • Supernovae: general
  • White dwarfs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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