The Izala effect

unintended consequences of Salafi radicalism in Indonesia and Nigeria

Muhammad Sani Umar, Mark Woodward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Salafism is a revivalist current in Sunni Islam rooted in the teachings of the fourteenth century Hanbalite jurist Taqi ad-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah and the eighteenth century Arabian reformer Muhammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhab. Salafis condemn Sufism (Islamic Mysticism) and most forms of popular Muslim piety, including music, as shirk (polytheism) and unbelief. The Wahhabi variant of Salafism is the only form of Islam permissible in Saudi Arabia and the ideology underlying ISIS and other violent extremist movements. This essay shows that despite the expenditure of vast sums by the Saudi and Kuwaiti governments and NGOs efforts to promote Salafi teachings and armed struggles by ISIS and others to impose them, Salafism has a very limited popular appeal. It is based on textual, ethnographic and survey data from two of the most populous Muslim countries, Indonesia and Nigeria. It also shows that efforts to promote Salafism have led to a resurgence of traditional Sufi oriented piety, especially devotional music traditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalContemporary Islam
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

radicalism
Islam
Indonesia
Nigeria
Muslim
music
Sunni
mysticism
jurist
fourteenth century
Saudi Arabia
Teaching
eighteenth century
non-governmental organization
appeal
expenditures
ideology
Salafism
Radicalism
Music

Keywords

  • Domesticated Salafism
  • Indonesia
  • Muslim Devotionalism
  • Nigeria
  • Salafism
  • Sufism
  • Violent extremism
  • Wahhabism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Religious studies

Cite this

The Izala effect : unintended consequences of Salafi radicalism in Indonesia and Nigeria. / Umar, Muhammad Sani; Woodward, Mark.

In: Contemporary Islam, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{124e270345b5419c8093f1287201c1f3,
title = "The Izala effect: unintended consequences of Salafi radicalism in Indonesia and Nigeria",
abstract = "Salafism is a revivalist current in Sunni Islam rooted in the teachings of the fourteenth century Hanbalite jurist Taqi ad-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah and the eighteenth century Arabian reformer Muhammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhab. Salafis condemn Sufism (Islamic Mysticism) and most forms of popular Muslim piety, including music, as shirk (polytheism) and unbelief. The Wahhabi variant of Salafism is the only form of Islam permissible in Saudi Arabia and the ideology underlying ISIS and other violent extremist movements. This essay shows that despite the expenditure of vast sums by the Saudi and Kuwaiti governments and NGOs efforts to promote Salafi teachings and armed struggles by ISIS and others to impose them, Salafism has a very limited popular appeal. It is based on textual, ethnographic and survey data from two of the most populous Muslim countries, Indonesia and Nigeria. It also shows that efforts to promote Salafism have led to a resurgence of traditional Sufi oriented piety, especially devotional music traditions.",
keywords = "Domesticated Salafism, Indonesia, Muslim Devotionalism, Nigeria, Salafism, Sufism, Violent extremism, Wahhabism",
author = "Umar, {Muhammad Sani} and Mark Woodward",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11562-019-00441-y",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Contemporary Islam",
issn = "1872-0218",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Izala effect

T2 - unintended consequences of Salafi radicalism in Indonesia and Nigeria

AU - Umar, Muhammad Sani

AU - Woodward, Mark

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Salafism is a revivalist current in Sunni Islam rooted in the teachings of the fourteenth century Hanbalite jurist Taqi ad-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah and the eighteenth century Arabian reformer Muhammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhab. Salafis condemn Sufism (Islamic Mysticism) and most forms of popular Muslim piety, including music, as shirk (polytheism) and unbelief. The Wahhabi variant of Salafism is the only form of Islam permissible in Saudi Arabia and the ideology underlying ISIS and other violent extremist movements. This essay shows that despite the expenditure of vast sums by the Saudi and Kuwaiti governments and NGOs efforts to promote Salafi teachings and armed struggles by ISIS and others to impose them, Salafism has a very limited popular appeal. It is based on textual, ethnographic and survey data from two of the most populous Muslim countries, Indonesia and Nigeria. It also shows that efforts to promote Salafism have led to a resurgence of traditional Sufi oriented piety, especially devotional music traditions.

AB - Salafism is a revivalist current in Sunni Islam rooted in the teachings of the fourteenth century Hanbalite jurist Taqi ad-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah and the eighteenth century Arabian reformer Muhammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhab. Salafis condemn Sufism (Islamic Mysticism) and most forms of popular Muslim piety, including music, as shirk (polytheism) and unbelief. The Wahhabi variant of Salafism is the only form of Islam permissible in Saudi Arabia and the ideology underlying ISIS and other violent extremist movements. This essay shows that despite the expenditure of vast sums by the Saudi and Kuwaiti governments and NGOs efforts to promote Salafi teachings and armed struggles by ISIS and others to impose them, Salafism has a very limited popular appeal. It is based on textual, ethnographic and survey data from two of the most populous Muslim countries, Indonesia and Nigeria. It also shows that efforts to promote Salafism have led to a resurgence of traditional Sufi oriented piety, especially devotional music traditions.

KW - Domesticated Salafism

KW - Indonesia

KW - Muslim Devotionalism

KW - Nigeria

KW - Salafism

KW - Sufism

KW - Violent extremism

KW - Wahhabism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070894469&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85070894469&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11562-019-00441-y

DO - 10.1007/s11562-019-00441-y

M3 - Article

JO - Contemporary Islam

JF - Contemporary Islam

SN - 1872-0218

ER -