The international prevalence study on physical activity: Results from 20 countries

Adrian Bauman, Fiona Bull, Tien Chey, Cora L. Craig, Barbara Ainsworth, James F. Sallis, Heather R. Bowles, Maria Hagstromer, Michael Sjostrom, Michael Pratt, Colodrero G. Díaz, N. Bazan, H. Kunic, A. Bauman, D. Merom, B. Smith, I. De Bourdeaudhuij, J. Lefevre, R. Philippaerts, S. M. MatsudoV. R. Matsudo, C. L. Craig, C. Cameron, Li Yang, Fu Hua, L. F. Gómez, K. Fromel, J. Mitas, D. Macfarlane, J. Bacon-Shone, S. K. Reddy, P. Joshi, S. Goenka, D. Prabhakaran, T. Katsumura, N. Murase, V. Volbekiene, R. Baubliene, G. McLean, H. Carr, H. Tomten, S. A. Anderssen, L. Sardinha, J. Mota, H. M. Al-Hazzaa, L. Serra Majem, B. Roman, M. Sjöström, M. Hagströmer, P. Bergman, Mei Liou Yiing, Hung Yung-Tai, B. E. Ainsworth, D. Hipp

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    Abstract

    Background: Physical activity (PA) is one of the most important factors for improving population health, but no standardised systems exist for international surveillance. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was developed for international surveillance. The purpose of this study was a comparative international study of population physical activity prevalence across 20 countries. Methods: Between 2002-2004, a standardised protocol using IPAQ was used to assess PA participation in 20 countries [total N = 52,746, aged 18-65 years]. The median survey response rate was 61%. Physical activity levels were categorised as "low", "moderate" and "high". Age-adjusted prevalence estimates are presented by sex. Results: The prevalence of "high PA" varied from 21-63%;in eight countries high PA was reported for over half of the adult population. The prevalence of "low PA" varied from 9% to 43%. Males more frequently reported high PA than females in 17 of 20 countries. The prevalence of low PA ranged from 7-41% among males, and 6-49% among females. Gender differences were noted, especially for younger adults, with males more active than females in most countries. Markedly lower physical activity prevalence (10% difference) with increasing age was noted in 11 of 19 countries for males, but only in three countries for women. The ways populations accumulated PA differed, with some reporting mostly vigorous intensity activities and others mostly walking. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the feasibility of international PA surveillance, and showed that IPAQ is an acceptable surveillance instrument, at least within countries. If assessment methods are used consistently over time, trend data will inform countries about the success of their efforts to promote physical activity.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number21
    JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
    Volume6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 31 2009

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    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Exercise
    Population
    Feasibility Studies
    Walking
    Young Adult

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (miscellaneous)
    • Nutrition and Dietetics
    • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

    Cite this

    The international prevalence study on physical activity : Results from 20 countries. / Bauman, Adrian; Bull, Fiona; Chey, Tien; Craig, Cora L.; Ainsworth, Barbara; Sallis, James F.; Bowles, Heather R.; Hagstromer, Maria; Sjostrom, Michael; Pratt, Michael; Díaz, Colodrero G.; Bazan, N.; Kunic, H.; Bauman, A.; Merom, D.; Smith, B.; De Bourdeaudhuij, I.; Lefevre, J.; Philippaerts, R.; Matsudo, S. M.; Matsudo, V. R.; Craig, C. L.; Cameron, C.; Yang, Li; Hua, Fu; Gómez, L. F.; Fromel, K.; Mitas, J.; Macfarlane, D.; Bacon-Shone, J.; Reddy, S. K.; Joshi, P.; Goenka, S.; Prabhakaran, D.; Katsumura, T.; Murase, N.; Volbekiene, V.; Baubliene, R.; McLean, G.; Carr, H.; Tomten, H.; Anderssen, S. A.; Sardinha, L.; Mota, J.; Al-Hazzaa, H. M.; Serra Majem, L.; Roman, B.; Sjöström, M.; Hagströmer, M.; Bergman, P.; Yiing, Mei Liou; Yung-Tai, Hung; Ainsworth, B. E.; Hipp, D.

    In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 6, 21, 31.03.2009.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Bauman, A, Bull, F, Chey, T, Craig, CL, Ainsworth, B, Sallis, JF, Bowles, HR, Hagstromer, M, Sjostrom, M, Pratt, M, Díaz, CG, Bazan, N, Kunic, H, Bauman, A, Merom, D, Smith, B, De Bourdeaudhuij, I, Lefevre, J, Philippaerts, R, Matsudo, SM, Matsudo, VR, Craig, CL, Cameron, C, Yang, L, Hua, F, Gómez, LF, Fromel, K, Mitas, J, Macfarlane, D, Bacon-Shone, J, Reddy, SK, Joshi, P, Goenka, S, Prabhakaran, D, Katsumura, T, Murase, N, Volbekiene, V, Baubliene, R, McLean, G, Carr, H, Tomten, H, Anderssen, SA, Sardinha, L, Mota, J, Al-Hazzaa, HM, Serra Majem, L, Roman, B, Sjöström, M, Hagströmer, M, Bergman, P, Yiing, ML, Yung-Tai, H, Ainsworth, BE & Hipp, D 2009, 'The international prevalence study on physical activity: Results from 20 countries', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 6, 21. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-6-21
    Bauman, Adrian ; Bull, Fiona ; Chey, Tien ; Craig, Cora L. ; Ainsworth, Barbara ; Sallis, James F. ; Bowles, Heather R. ; Hagstromer, Maria ; Sjostrom, Michael ; Pratt, Michael ; Díaz, Colodrero G. ; Bazan, N. ; Kunic, H. ; Bauman, A. ; Merom, D. ; Smith, B. ; De Bourdeaudhuij, I. ; Lefevre, J. ; Philippaerts, R. ; Matsudo, S. M. ; Matsudo, V. R. ; Craig, C. L. ; Cameron, C. ; Yang, Li ; Hua, Fu ; Gómez, L. F. ; Fromel, K. ; Mitas, J. ; Macfarlane, D. ; Bacon-Shone, J. ; Reddy, S. K. ; Joshi, P. ; Goenka, S. ; Prabhakaran, D. ; Katsumura, T. ; Murase, N. ; Volbekiene, V. ; Baubliene, R. ; McLean, G. ; Carr, H. ; Tomten, H. ; Anderssen, S. A. ; Sardinha, L. ; Mota, J. ; Al-Hazzaa, H. M. ; Serra Majem, L. ; Roman, B. ; Sjöström, M. ; Hagströmer, M. ; Bergman, P. ; Yiing, Mei Liou ; Yung-Tai, Hung ; Ainsworth, B. E. ; Hipp, D. / The international prevalence study on physical activity : Results from 20 countries. In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2009 ; Vol. 6.
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    abstract = "Background: Physical activity (PA) is one of the most important factors for improving population health, but no standardised systems exist for international surveillance. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was developed for international surveillance. The purpose of this study was a comparative international study of population physical activity prevalence across 20 countries. Methods: Between 2002-2004, a standardised protocol using IPAQ was used to assess PA participation in 20 countries [total N = 52,746, aged 18-65 years]. The median survey response rate was 61{\%}. Physical activity levels were categorised as {"}low{"}, {"}moderate{"} and {"}high{"}. Age-adjusted prevalence estimates are presented by sex. Results: The prevalence of {"}high PA{"} varied from 21-63{\%};in eight countries high PA was reported for over half of the adult population. The prevalence of {"}low PA{"} varied from 9{\%} to 43{\%}. Males more frequently reported high PA than females in 17 of 20 countries. The prevalence of low PA ranged from 7-41{\%} among males, and 6-49{\%} among females. Gender differences were noted, especially for younger adults, with males more active than females in most countries. Markedly lower physical activity prevalence (10{\%} difference) with increasing age was noted in 11 of 19 countries for males, but only in three countries for women. The ways populations accumulated PA differed, with some reporting mostly vigorous intensity activities and others mostly walking. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the feasibility of international PA surveillance, and showed that IPAQ is an acceptable surveillance instrument, at least within countries. If assessment methods are used consistently over time, trend data will inform countries about the success of their efforts to promote physical activity.",
    author = "Adrian Bauman and Fiona Bull and Tien Chey and Craig, {Cora L.} and Barbara Ainsworth and Sallis, {James F.} and Bowles, {Heather R.} and Maria Hagstromer and Michael Sjostrom and Michael Pratt and D{\'i}az, {Colodrero G.} and N. Bazan and H. Kunic and A. Bauman and D. Merom and B. Smith and {De Bourdeaudhuij}, I. and J. Lefevre and R. Philippaerts and Matsudo, {S. M.} and Matsudo, {V. R.} and Craig, {C. L.} and C. Cameron and Li Yang and Fu Hua and G{\'o}mez, {L. F.} and K. Fromel and J. Mitas and D. Macfarlane and J. Bacon-Shone and Reddy, {S. K.} and P. Joshi and S. Goenka and D. Prabhakaran and T. Katsumura and N. Murase and V. Volbekiene and R. Baubliene and G. McLean and H. Carr and H. Tomten and Anderssen, {S. A.} and L. Sardinha and J. Mota and Al-Hazzaa, {H. M.} and {Serra Majem}, L. and B. Roman and M. Sj{\"o}str{\"o}m and M. Hagstr{\"o}mer and P. Bergman and Yiing, {Mei Liou} and Hung Yung-Tai and Ainsworth, {B. E.} and D. Hipp",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The international prevalence study on physical activity

    T2 - Results from 20 countries

    AU - Bauman, Adrian

    AU - Bull, Fiona

    AU - Chey, Tien

    AU - Craig, Cora L.

    AU - Ainsworth, Barbara

    AU - Sallis, James F.

    AU - Bowles, Heather R.

    AU - Hagstromer, Maria

    AU - Sjostrom, Michael

    AU - Pratt, Michael

    AU - Díaz, Colodrero G.

    AU - Bazan, N.

    AU - Kunic, H.

    AU - Bauman, A.

    AU - Merom, D.

    AU - Smith, B.

    AU - De Bourdeaudhuij, I.

    AU - Lefevre, J.

    AU - Philippaerts, R.

    AU - Matsudo, S. M.

    AU - Matsudo, V. R.

    AU - Craig, C. L.

    AU - Cameron, C.

    AU - Yang, Li

    AU - Hua, Fu

    AU - Gómez, L. F.

    AU - Fromel, K.

    AU - Mitas, J.

    AU - Macfarlane, D.

    AU - Bacon-Shone, J.

    AU - Reddy, S. K.

    AU - Joshi, P.

    AU - Goenka, S.

    AU - Prabhakaran, D.

    AU - Katsumura, T.

    AU - Murase, N.

    AU - Volbekiene, V.

    AU - Baubliene, R.

    AU - McLean, G.

    AU - Carr, H.

    AU - Tomten, H.

    AU - Anderssen, S. A.

    AU - Sardinha, L.

    AU - Mota, J.

    AU - Al-Hazzaa, H. M.

    AU - Serra Majem, L.

    AU - Roman, B.

    AU - Sjöström, M.

    AU - Hagströmer, M.

    AU - Bergman, P.

    AU - Yiing, Mei Liou

    AU - Yung-Tai, Hung

    AU - Ainsworth, B. E.

    AU - Hipp, D.

    PY - 2009/3/31

    Y1 - 2009/3/31

    N2 - Background: Physical activity (PA) is one of the most important factors for improving population health, but no standardised systems exist for international surveillance. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was developed for international surveillance. The purpose of this study was a comparative international study of population physical activity prevalence across 20 countries. Methods: Between 2002-2004, a standardised protocol using IPAQ was used to assess PA participation in 20 countries [total N = 52,746, aged 18-65 years]. The median survey response rate was 61%. Physical activity levels were categorised as "low", "moderate" and "high". Age-adjusted prevalence estimates are presented by sex. Results: The prevalence of "high PA" varied from 21-63%;in eight countries high PA was reported for over half of the adult population. The prevalence of "low PA" varied from 9% to 43%. Males more frequently reported high PA than females in 17 of 20 countries. The prevalence of low PA ranged from 7-41% among males, and 6-49% among females. Gender differences were noted, especially for younger adults, with males more active than females in most countries. Markedly lower physical activity prevalence (10% difference) with increasing age was noted in 11 of 19 countries for males, but only in three countries for women. The ways populations accumulated PA differed, with some reporting mostly vigorous intensity activities and others mostly walking. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the feasibility of international PA surveillance, and showed that IPAQ is an acceptable surveillance instrument, at least within countries. If assessment methods are used consistently over time, trend data will inform countries about the success of their efforts to promote physical activity.

    AB - Background: Physical activity (PA) is one of the most important factors for improving population health, but no standardised systems exist for international surveillance. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was developed for international surveillance. The purpose of this study was a comparative international study of population physical activity prevalence across 20 countries. Methods: Between 2002-2004, a standardised protocol using IPAQ was used to assess PA participation in 20 countries [total N = 52,746, aged 18-65 years]. The median survey response rate was 61%. Physical activity levels were categorised as "low", "moderate" and "high". Age-adjusted prevalence estimates are presented by sex. Results: The prevalence of "high PA" varied from 21-63%;in eight countries high PA was reported for over half of the adult population. The prevalence of "low PA" varied from 9% to 43%. Males more frequently reported high PA than females in 17 of 20 countries. The prevalence of low PA ranged from 7-41% among males, and 6-49% among females. Gender differences were noted, especially for younger adults, with males more active than females in most countries. Markedly lower physical activity prevalence (10% difference) with increasing age was noted in 11 of 19 countries for males, but only in three countries for women. The ways populations accumulated PA differed, with some reporting mostly vigorous intensity activities and others mostly walking. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the feasibility of international PA surveillance, and showed that IPAQ is an acceptable surveillance instrument, at least within countries. If assessment methods are used consistently over time, trend data will inform countries about the success of their efforts to promote physical activity.

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