The intergenerational transmission of implicit and explicit attitudes toward smoking: Predicting adolescent smoking initiation

Steven J. Sherman, Laurie Chassin, Clark Presson, Dong Chul Seo, Jonathan T. Macy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations


This study examined the intergenerational transmission of implicit and explicit attitudes toward smoking, as well as the role of these attitudes in adolescents' smoking initiation. There was evidence of intergenerational transmission of implicit attitudes. Mothers who had more positive implicit attitudes had children with more positive implicit attitudes. In turn, these positive implicit attitudes of adolescents predicted their smoking initiation 18-months later. Moreover, these effects were obtained above and beyond the effects of explicit attitudes. These findings provide the first evidence that the intergenerational transmission of implicit cognition may play a role in the intergenerational transmission of an addictive behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-319
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009



  • Explicit attitudes
  • Implicit attitudes
  • Intergeneration transmission
  • Smoking
  • Smoking initiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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