The interaction of social factors in the acoustically gradient realization of intervocalic /d/ in Border Uruguayan Spanish

Mark Waltermire, Michael Gradoville

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Along the Uruguayan-Brazilian border, Spanish exhibits phonological influence from Portuguese, including the realization of intervocalic /d/ as a stop. Using conversational data from 40 bilinguals, we analyze tokens of intervocalic /d/ acoustically using a consonant-vowel intensity ratio according to multiple social factors and their interactions. The results suggest that, while interactions are present (with stops being favored by Portuguese-preferring professional females), the main effects of social factors predominate. Younger speakers are moving away from the use of stop-like productions and toward the pan-Hispanic norm of variation between approximants and deletion. Portuguese-preferring speakers make greater use of stop-like variants, as do females, which is explained by the linguistic behaviors of the four women who produced /d/ with the highest intensity ratios.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpanish Phonetics and Phonology in Contact
Subtitle of host publicationStudies from Africa, the Americas, and Spain
EditorsRajiv Rao
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
Pages263-292
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9789027207142
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameIssues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics
Volume28
ISSN (Print)2213-3887

Keywords

  • Border Uruguayan Spanish
  • Brazilian Portuguese
  • Intervocalic /d/
  • Language preference
  • Social variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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