The Influence of Middle and Lower Crustal Flow on the Landscape Evolution of Orogenic Plateaus: Insights from the Himalaya and Tibet

Kip Hodges, B. A. Adams

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


The Tibetan Plateau serves as a model for understanding the possible influence of middle and lower crustal flow on the geomorphic and tectonic evolution of a continental plateau. Arguments are presented in favor of a weak middle (and, in some areas, lower) crust beneath the plateau, and the development of tectonic models of the Himalayan-Tibetan orogenic system that incorporate lateral flow of this weak crust under the influence of gravity are explored. Many long- and short-wavelength features of Tibetan and Himalayan landscapes are reasonably explained as a consequence of such flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTreatise on Geomorphology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9780080885223
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013



  • Channel flow
  • Climate
  • Continental plateaus
  • Crustal flow
  • Crustal rheology
  • Himalaya
  • Karakoram
  • Orographic precipitation
  • Tectonics
  • Tibet
  • Tibetan plateau

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this