The influence of density ratio on the primary atomization of a turbulent liquid jet in crossflow

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we study the impact of density ratio on turbulent liquid jet in crossflow penetration and atomization if all other characteristic parameters, i.e., momentum flux ratio, jet and crossflow Weber and Reynolds numbers, are maintained constant. We perform detailed simulations of the primary atomization region using the refined level set grid method to track the motion of the liquid/gas phase interface. We employ a balanced force, interface projected curvature method to ensure high accuracy of the surface tension forces, use a multi-scale approach to transfer broken-off, small scale nearly spherical drops into a Lagrangian point particle description allowing for full two-way coupling and continued secondary atomization, and employ a dynamic Smagorinsky large eddy simulation approach in the single phase regions of the flow to describe turbulence. We compare simulation results obtained previously using a liquid to gas density ratio of 10 for a momentum flux ratio 6.6, Weber number 330, and Reynolds number 14,000 liquid jet injected into a Reynolds number 740,000 gaseous crossflow to those at a density ratio of 100, a value typical for gas turbine combustors. The results show that the increase in density ratio results in a noticeable increase in jet penetration, change in drop size distribution resulting from primary atomization, change in drop velocities generated by primary atomization in the crossflow and jet direction, but virtually no change in drop velocities in the transverse direction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2079-2088
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Fingerprint

atomizing
Atomization
Liquids
liquids
Reynolds number
Momentum
penetration
Fluxes
momentum
Phase interfaces
drop size
Density of gases
gas turbines
Large eddy simulation
gas density
large eddy simulation
combustion chambers
Combustors
Gas turbines
Surface tension

Keywords

  • Atomization
  • Drop sizes
  • Jet in crossflow
  • Jet penetration
  • Level set

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "In this paper, we study the impact of density ratio on turbulent liquid jet in crossflow penetration and atomization if all other characteristic parameters, i.e., momentum flux ratio, jet and crossflow Weber and Reynolds numbers, are maintained constant. We perform detailed simulations of the primary atomization region using the refined level set grid method to track the motion of the liquid/gas phase interface. We employ a balanced force, interface projected curvature method to ensure high accuracy of the surface tension forces, use a multi-scale approach to transfer broken-off, small scale nearly spherical drops into a Lagrangian point particle description allowing for full two-way coupling and continued secondary atomization, and employ a dynamic Smagorinsky large eddy simulation approach in the single phase regions of the flow to describe turbulence. We compare simulation results obtained previously using a liquid to gas density ratio of 10 for a momentum flux ratio 6.6, Weber number 330, and Reynolds number 14,000 liquid jet injected into a Reynolds number 740,000 gaseous crossflow to those at a density ratio of 100, a value typical for gas turbine combustors. The results show that the increase in density ratio results in a noticeable increase in jet penetration, change in drop size distribution resulting from primary atomization, change in drop velocities generated by primary atomization in the crossflow and jet direction, but virtually no change in drop velocities in the transverse direction.",
keywords = "Atomization, Drop sizes, Jet in crossflow, Jet penetration, Level set",
author = "Marcus Herrmann",
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AB - In this paper, we study the impact of density ratio on turbulent liquid jet in crossflow penetration and atomization if all other characteristic parameters, i.e., momentum flux ratio, jet and crossflow Weber and Reynolds numbers, are maintained constant. We perform detailed simulations of the primary atomization region using the refined level set grid method to track the motion of the liquid/gas phase interface. We employ a balanced force, interface projected curvature method to ensure high accuracy of the surface tension forces, use a multi-scale approach to transfer broken-off, small scale nearly spherical drops into a Lagrangian point particle description allowing for full two-way coupling and continued secondary atomization, and employ a dynamic Smagorinsky large eddy simulation approach in the single phase regions of the flow to describe turbulence. We compare simulation results obtained previously using a liquid to gas density ratio of 10 for a momentum flux ratio 6.6, Weber number 330, and Reynolds number 14,000 liquid jet injected into a Reynolds number 740,000 gaseous crossflow to those at a density ratio of 100, a value typical for gas turbine combustors. The results show that the increase in density ratio results in a noticeable increase in jet penetration, change in drop size distribution resulting from primary atomization, change in drop velocities generated by primary atomization in the crossflow and jet direction, but virtually no change in drop velocities in the transverse direction.

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