Research on the UVA, UVB and oxidative (as reactive oxygen species, ROS) stress response in cyanobacteria has typically focused on each individual stress condition, with limited studies addressing the intersection. Here, we evaluated the transcriptomic responses of the model cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme after exposure to each of these conditions. Overall, response to UVA was characterized by more gene down-regulation than the UVB or ROS response, although UVB affected over fourfold more genes than UVA or ROS. Regarding expression patterns, responses to UVA and ROS were more similar and differentiated from those to UVB. For example, genes involved in ROS metabolism were up-regulated under both UVA and ROS. However, when it came to RNA and protein metabolism, there were more up-regulated genes under UVB and ROS compared to UVA. This suggests that the response to UVB and ROS is more active than the response to UVA, which stimulated more genes in secondary metabolism. Histidine kinases and response regulators were often differentially expressed, demonstrating that regulatory systems were at the base of the patterns. This study provides background for future studies targeting different genes, proteins and systems sensitive to these conditions. It also highlights the significance of considering multiple stress conditions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry