The impact of incarceration on employment during the transition to adulthood

Robert Apel, Gary Sweeten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 80 Citations

Abstract

The research fndings with respect to the relationship between incarceration and employment are consistent enough that it is tempting to conclude that incarceration causes deterioration in ex-inmates' employment prospects. Yet, causality remains tenuous for several reasons. For one, studies frequently rely on samples of nonincarcerated subjects that are not truly "at risk" of incarceration, which undermines their use as comparison samples and potentially biases estimates of the impact of incarceration on life outcomes. Additionally, even with confdence about causal identifcation, the feld remains ignorant about the precise mechanism by which incarceration erodes employment and earnings. To address these gaps, this study uses the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 to estimate the impact of incarceration during late adolescence and early adulthood on short-and long-term employment outcomes. The subjects of interest are all individuals who are convicted of a crime for the frst time, some of whom receive a sentence of incarceration following their conviction. Broad measures of legal and illegal employment are used to explore possible avenues by which incarceration affects individual work histories.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages448-479
Number of pages32
JournalSocial Problems
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Fingerprint

adulthood
illegal employment
causality
adolescence
offense
cause
trend
history

Keywords

  • Illegal income
  • Incarceration
  • Job quality
  • Labor supply

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

The impact of incarceration on employment during the transition to adulthood. / Apel, Robert; Sweeten, Gary.

In: Social Problems, Vol. 57, No. 3, 08.2010, p. 448-479.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ca66a90a7ab548bbb77cceea9e064856,
title = "The impact of incarceration on employment during the transition to adulthood",
abstract = "The research fndings with respect to the relationship between incarceration and employment are consistent enough that it is tempting to conclude that incarceration causes deterioration in ex-inmates' employment prospects. Yet, causality remains tenuous for several reasons. For one, studies frequently rely on samples of nonincarcerated subjects that are not truly {"}at risk{"} of incarceration, which undermines their use as comparison samples and potentially biases estimates of the impact of incarceration on life outcomes. Additionally, even with confdence about causal identifcation, the feld remains ignorant about the precise mechanism by which incarceration erodes employment and earnings. To address these gaps, this study uses the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 to estimate the impact of incarceration during late adolescence and early adulthood on short-and long-term employment outcomes. The subjects of interest are all individuals who are convicted of a crime for the frst time, some of whom receive a sentence of incarceration following their conviction. Broad measures of legal and illegal employment are used to explore possible avenues by which incarceration affects individual work histories.",
keywords = "Illegal income, Incarceration, Job quality, Labor supply",
author = "Robert Apel and Gary Sweeten",
year = "2010",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1525/sp.2010.57.3.448",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "57",
pages = "448--479",
journal = "Social Problems",
issn = "0037-7791",
publisher = "University of California Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of incarceration on employment during the transition to adulthood

AU - Apel,Robert

AU - Sweeten,Gary

PY - 2010/8

Y1 - 2010/8

N2 - The research fndings with respect to the relationship between incarceration and employment are consistent enough that it is tempting to conclude that incarceration causes deterioration in ex-inmates' employment prospects. Yet, causality remains tenuous for several reasons. For one, studies frequently rely on samples of nonincarcerated subjects that are not truly "at risk" of incarceration, which undermines their use as comparison samples and potentially biases estimates of the impact of incarceration on life outcomes. Additionally, even with confdence about causal identifcation, the feld remains ignorant about the precise mechanism by which incarceration erodes employment and earnings. To address these gaps, this study uses the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 to estimate the impact of incarceration during late adolescence and early adulthood on short-and long-term employment outcomes. The subjects of interest are all individuals who are convicted of a crime for the frst time, some of whom receive a sentence of incarceration following their conviction. Broad measures of legal and illegal employment are used to explore possible avenues by which incarceration affects individual work histories.

AB - The research fndings with respect to the relationship between incarceration and employment are consistent enough that it is tempting to conclude that incarceration causes deterioration in ex-inmates' employment prospects. Yet, causality remains tenuous for several reasons. For one, studies frequently rely on samples of nonincarcerated subjects that are not truly "at risk" of incarceration, which undermines their use as comparison samples and potentially biases estimates of the impact of incarceration on life outcomes. Additionally, even with confdence about causal identifcation, the feld remains ignorant about the precise mechanism by which incarceration erodes employment and earnings. To address these gaps, this study uses the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 to estimate the impact of incarceration during late adolescence and early adulthood on short-and long-term employment outcomes. The subjects of interest are all individuals who are convicted of a crime for the frst time, some of whom receive a sentence of incarceration following their conviction. Broad measures of legal and illegal employment are used to explore possible avenues by which incarceration affects individual work histories.

KW - Illegal income

KW - Incarceration

KW - Job quality

KW - Labor supply

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954871463&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77954871463&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1525/sp.2010.57.3.448

DO - 10.1525/sp.2010.57.3.448

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 448

EP - 479

JO - Social Problems

T2 - Social Problems

JF - Social Problems

SN - 0037-7791

IS - 3

ER -