The identification of consonants and vowels by cochlear implant patients using a 6-channel continuous interleaved sampling processor and by normal- hearing subjects using simulations of processors with two to nine channels

Michael Dorman, Philipos C. Loizou

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    65 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: To compare the vowel and consonant identification ability of cochlear implant patients using a 6-channel continuous interleaved sampling (CIS) processor and of normal-hearing subjects using simulations of processors with two to nine channels. Design: Subjects, 10 normal-hearing listeners and seven cochlear implant patients, were presented synthetic vowels in /bVt/ context, natural vowels produced by men, women, and girls in /hVd/ context, and consonants in /aCa/ context for identification. Stimuli for the normal-hearing subjects were pre-processed through simulations of implant processors with two to nine channels and were output as the sum of sinusoids at the center frequencies of the analysis filters. Results: Five implant patients' scores fell within the range of normal performance with a 6-channel processor when the patients were tested with synthetic vowels. Four patients' scores fell within the range of normal with a 6-channel processor when the patients were tested with multitalker vowels. Five patients' scores fell within the range of normal for a 6-channel processor for the consonant feature 'place of articulation.' Conclusion: Signal processing technology for cochlear implants has matured sufficiently to allow some patients who use CIS processors and a small number of monopolar electrodes to achieve scores on tests of speech identification that are within the range of scores established by normal-hearing subjects listening to speech processed through a small number of channels.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)162-166
    Number of pages5
    JournalEar and Hearing
    Volume19
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 1998

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    Cochlear Implants
    Hearing
    Reference Values
    Aptitude
    Electrodes
    Technology

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Otorhinolaryngology

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Objective: To compare the vowel and consonant identification ability of cochlear implant patients using a 6-channel continuous interleaved sampling (CIS) processor and of normal-hearing subjects using simulations of processors with two to nine channels. Design: Subjects, 10 normal-hearing listeners and seven cochlear implant patients, were presented synthetic vowels in /bVt/ context, natural vowels produced by men, women, and girls in /hVd/ context, and consonants in /aCa/ context for identification. Stimuli for the normal-hearing subjects were pre-processed through simulations of implant processors with two to nine channels and were output as the sum of sinusoids at the center frequencies of the analysis filters. Results: Five implant patients' scores fell within the range of normal performance with a 6-channel processor when the patients were tested with synthetic vowels. Four patients' scores fell within the range of normal with a 6-channel processor when the patients were tested with multitalker vowels. Five patients' scores fell within the range of normal for a 6-channel processor for the consonant feature 'place of articulation.' Conclusion: Signal processing technology for cochlear implants has matured sufficiently to allow some patients who use CIS processors and a small number of monopolar electrodes to achieve scores on tests of speech identification that are within the range of scores established by normal-hearing subjects listening to speech processed through a small number of channels.",
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    N2 - Objective: To compare the vowel and consonant identification ability of cochlear implant patients using a 6-channel continuous interleaved sampling (CIS) processor and of normal-hearing subjects using simulations of processors with two to nine channels. Design: Subjects, 10 normal-hearing listeners and seven cochlear implant patients, were presented synthetic vowels in /bVt/ context, natural vowels produced by men, women, and girls in /hVd/ context, and consonants in /aCa/ context for identification. Stimuli for the normal-hearing subjects were pre-processed through simulations of implant processors with two to nine channels and were output as the sum of sinusoids at the center frequencies of the analysis filters. Results: Five implant patients' scores fell within the range of normal performance with a 6-channel processor when the patients were tested with synthetic vowels. Four patients' scores fell within the range of normal with a 6-channel processor when the patients were tested with multitalker vowels. Five patients' scores fell within the range of normal for a 6-channel processor for the consonant feature 'place of articulation.' Conclusion: Signal processing technology for cochlear implants has matured sufficiently to allow some patients who use CIS processors and a small number of monopolar electrodes to achieve scores on tests of speech identification that are within the range of scores established by normal-hearing subjects listening to speech processed through a small number of channels.

    AB - Objective: To compare the vowel and consonant identification ability of cochlear implant patients using a 6-channel continuous interleaved sampling (CIS) processor and of normal-hearing subjects using simulations of processors with two to nine channels. Design: Subjects, 10 normal-hearing listeners and seven cochlear implant patients, were presented synthetic vowels in /bVt/ context, natural vowels produced by men, women, and girls in /hVd/ context, and consonants in /aCa/ context for identification. Stimuli for the normal-hearing subjects were pre-processed through simulations of implant processors with two to nine channels and were output as the sum of sinusoids at the center frequencies of the analysis filters. Results: Five implant patients' scores fell within the range of normal performance with a 6-channel processor when the patients were tested with synthetic vowels. Four patients' scores fell within the range of normal with a 6-channel processor when the patients were tested with multitalker vowels. Five patients' scores fell within the range of normal for a 6-channel processor for the consonant feature 'place of articulation.' Conclusion: Signal processing technology for cochlear implants has matured sufficiently to allow some patients who use CIS processors and a small number of monopolar electrodes to achieve scores on tests of speech identification that are within the range of scores established by normal-hearing subjects listening to speech processed through a small number of channels.

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