The Greening of Baltimore's Asphalt Schoolyards

Geoffrey L. Buckley, Christopher Boone, J. Morgan Grove

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Asphalt was becoming an integral part of the urban American landscape by the end of the nineteenth century. Not only was it emerging as the preferred alternative for street paving, its promoters were endorsing it for other purposes as well. Although Baltimore was not in the vanguard when it came to adopting asphalt for road surfaces, it soon followed the trend. Like other cities, it too found other applications for this versatile petroleum product, including the paving of playgrounds and schoolyards. Despite low maintenance costs, widespread use of asphalt as a recreational surface started to meet resistance in Baltimore during the 1960s. Fifty years later, stringent storm-water runoff requirements are causing city officials to rethink how they deploy asphalt in an urban setting. In an effort to meet these new requirements, while at the same time improve recreational opportunities for school children, an alliance of government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and private developers has developed a strategy to remove asphalt from schoolyards-one that may serve as a model for other cities facing financial and sustainability challenges similar to those of Baltimore.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGeographical Review
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

playground
non-profit-organization
asphalt
government agency
schoolchild
nineteenth century
sustainability
road
water
trend
costs
nonprofit organization
petroleum
runoff
cost
city

Keywords

  • Asphalt
  • Baltimore
  • Urban greening
  • Urban storm water
  • Urban sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

The Greening of Baltimore's Asphalt Schoolyards. / Buckley, Geoffrey L.; Boone, Christopher; Morgan Grove, J.

In: Geographical Review, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f619bfd7e2e04f038cf50161b08ef2bf,
title = "The Greening of Baltimore's Asphalt Schoolyards",
abstract = "Asphalt was becoming an integral part of the urban American landscape by the end of the nineteenth century. Not only was it emerging as the preferred alternative for street paving, its promoters were endorsing it for other purposes as well. Although Baltimore was not in the vanguard when it came to adopting asphalt for road surfaces, it soon followed the trend. Like other cities, it too found other applications for this versatile petroleum product, including the paving of playgrounds and schoolyards. Despite low maintenance costs, widespread use of asphalt as a recreational surface started to meet resistance in Baltimore during the 1960s. Fifty years later, stringent storm-water runoff requirements are causing city officials to rethink how they deploy asphalt in an urban setting. In an effort to meet these new requirements, while at the same time improve recreational opportunities for school children, an alliance of government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and private developers has developed a strategy to remove asphalt from schoolyards-one that may serve as a model for other cities facing financial and sustainability challenges similar to those of Baltimore.",
keywords = "Asphalt, Baltimore, Urban greening, Urban storm water, Urban sustainability",
author = "Buckley, {Geoffrey L.} and Christopher Boone and {Morgan Grove}, J.",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1111/j.1931-0846.2016.12213.x",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Geographical Review",
issn = "0016-7428",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Greening of Baltimore's Asphalt Schoolyards

AU - Buckley, Geoffrey L.

AU - Boone, Christopher

AU - Morgan Grove, J.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Asphalt was becoming an integral part of the urban American landscape by the end of the nineteenth century. Not only was it emerging as the preferred alternative for street paving, its promoters were endorsing it for other purposes as well. Although Baltimore was not in the vanguard when it came to adopting asphalt for road surfaces, it soon followed the trend. Like other cities, it too found other applications for this versatile petroleum product, including the paving of playgrounds and schoolyards. Despite low maintenance costs, widespread use of asphalt as a recreational surface started to meet resistance in Baltimore during the 1960s. Fifty years later, stringent storm-water runoff requirements are causing city officials to rethink how they deploy asphalt in an urban setting. In an effort to meet these new requirements, while at the same time improve recreational opportunities for school children, an alliance of government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and private developers has developed a strategy to remove asphalt from schoolyards-one that may serve as a model for other cities facing financial and sustainability challenges similar to those of Baltimore.

AB - Asphalt was becoming an integral part of the urban American landscape by the end of the nineteenth century. Not only was it emerging as the preferred alternative for street paving, its promoters were endorsing it for other purposes as well. Although Baltimore was not in the vanguard when it came to adopting asphalt for road surfaces, it soon followed the trend. Like other cities, it too found other applications for this versatile petroleum product, including the paving of playgrounds and schoolyards. Despite low maintenance costs, widespread use of asphalt as a recreational surface started to meet resistance in Baltimore during the 1960s. Fifty years later, stringent storm-water runoff requirements are causing city officials to rethink how they deploy asphalt in an urban setting. In an effort to meet these new requirements, while at the same time improve recreational opportunities for school children, an alliance of government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and private developers has developed a strategy to remove asphalt from schoolyards-one that may serve as a model for other cities facing financial and sustainability challenges similar to those of Baltimore.

KW - Asphalt

KW - Baltimore

KW - Urban greening

KW - Urban storm water

KW - Urban sustainability

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84986261671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84986261671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1931-0846.2016.12213.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1931-0846.2016.12213.x

M3 - Article

JO - Geographical Review

JF - Geographical Review

SN - 0016-7428

ER -