The flight physiology of reproductives of Africanized, European, and hybrid honeybees (Apis mellifera)

Jon Harrison, Orley R. Taylor, H. Glenn Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neotropical African honeybees (Apis mellifera scutellata), in the process of spreading throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, hybridize with and mostly replace European honeybees (primarily Apis mellifera mellifera and Apis mellifera ligustica). To help understand this process, we studied the effect of lineage (African, European, or hybrid) on the flight physiology of honeybee reproductives. Flight metabolic rates were higher in queens and drones of African lineage than in European or hybrid bees, as has been previously found for foraging workers. These differences were associated with higher thorax/body mass ratios and higher thorax-specific metabolic rates in African lineage bees. Queens were reared in common colonies, so these metabolic and morphological differences are likely to be genetic in origin. African drones had higher wing beat frequencies and thorax temperatures than European or hybrid bees. Hybrids were intermediate for many parameters, but hybrid queen mass-specific flight metabolic rates were low relative to Africans and were nonlinearly affected by the proportion of African lineage, consistent with some negative heterosis for this trait.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-162
Number of pages10
JournalPhysiological and Biochemical Zoology
Volume78
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005

Fingerprint

animal reproduction
Bees
Physiology
Apis mellifera
honey bees
flight
thorax
queen insects
Apoidea
drones (insects)
Thorax
Apis mellifera mellifera
Apis mellifera scutellata
Apis mellifera ligustica
Ligusticum
Hybrid Vigor
heterosis
subtropics
tropics
physiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

The flight physiology of reproductives of Africanized, European, and hybrid honeybees (Apis mellifera). / Harrison, Jon; Taylor, Orley R.; Hall, H. Glenn.

In: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, Vol. 78, No. 2, 03.2005, p. 153-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d20ddb7c928b4e6f81bdb15755498ad8,
title = "The flight physiology of reproductives of Africanized, European, and hybrid honeybees (Apis mellifera)",
abstract = "Neotropical African honeybees (Apis mellifera scutellata), in the process of spreading throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, hybridize with and mostly replace European honeybees (primarily Apis mellifera mellifera and Apis mellifera ligustica). To help understand this process, we studied the effect of lineage (African, European, or hybrid) on the flight physiology of honeybee reproductives. Flight metabolic rates were higher in queens and drones of African lineage than in European or hybrid bees, as has been previously found for foraging workers. These differences were associated with higher thorax/body mass ratios and higher thorax-specific metabolic rates in African lineage bees. Queens were reared in common colonies, so these metabolic and morphological differences are likely to be genetic in origin. African drones had higher wing beat frequencies and thorax temperatures than European or hybrid bees. Hybrids were intermediate for many parameters, but hybrid queen mass-specific flight metabolic rates were low relative to Africans and were nonlinearly affected by the proportion of African lineage, consistent with some negative heterosis for this trait.",
author = "Jon Harrison and Taylor, {Orley R.} and Hall, {H. Glenn}",
year = "2005",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1086/427057",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "78",
pages = "153--162",
journal = "Physiological and Biochemical Zoology",
issn = "1522-2152",
publisher = "University of Chicago",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The flight physiology of reproductives of Africanized, European, and hybrid honeybees (Apis mellifera)

AU - Harrison, Jon

AU - Taylor, Orley R.

AU - Hall, H. Glenn

PY - 2005/3

Y1 - 2005/3

N2 - Neotropical African honeybees (Apis mellifera scutellata), in the process of spreading throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, hybridize with and mostly replace European honeybees (primarily Apis mellifera mellifera and Apis mellifera ligustica). To help understand this process, we studied the effect of lineage (African, European, or hybrid) on the flight physiology of honeybee reproductives. Flight metabolic rates were higher in queens and drones of African lineage than in European or hybrid bees, as has been previously found for foraging workers. These differences were associated with higher thorax/body mass ratios and higher thorax-specific metabolic rates in African lineage bees. Queens were reared in common colonies, so these metabolic and morphological differences are likely to be genetic in origin. African drones had higher wing beat frequencies and thorax temperatures than European or hybrid bees. Hybrids were intermediate for many parameters, but hybrid queen mass-specific flight metabolic rates were low relative to Africans and were nonlinearly affected by the proportion of African lineage, consistent with some negative heterosis for this trait.

AB - Neotropical African honeybees (Apis mellifera scutellata), in the process of spreading throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, hybridize with and mostly replace European honeybees (primarily Apis mellifera mellifera and Apis mellifera ligustica). To help understand this process, we studied the effect of lineage (African, European, or hybrid) on the flight physiology of honeybee reproductives. Flight metabolic rates were higher in queens and drones of African lineage than in European or hybrid bees, as has been previously found for foraging workers. These differences were associated with higher thorax/body mass ratios and higher thorax-specific metabolic rates in African lineage bees. Queens were reared in common colonies, so these metabolic and morphological differences are likely to be genetic in origin. African drones had higher wing beat frequencies and thorax temperatures than European or hybrid bees. Hybrids were intermediate for many parameters, but hybrid queen mass-specific flight metabolic rates were low relative to Africans and were nonlinearly affected by the proportion of African lineage, consistent with some negative heterosis for this trait.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=16244387355&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=16244387355&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1086/427057

DO - 10.1086/427057

M3 - Article

C2 - 15778935

AN - SCOPUS:16244387355

VL - 78

SP - 153

EP - 162

JO - Physiological and Biochemical Zoology

JF - Physiological and Biochemical Zoology

SN - 1522-2152

IS - 2

ER -