The extent and patterns of multi-stakeholder communications in annual report letters

Roger W. Hutt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine whether CEOs use multi-stakeholder communications in their annual report letters and to describe any patterns observed in those communications. Design/methodology/approach: Annual report letters of the ten largest US companies were examined using content and text analysis procedures. Findings: CEOs made little use of multi-stakeholder communications in their annual letters. Some variations were found among the sample companies' letters, including differences in word counts, reading ease scores, and number of word types. Research limitations/implications: A small sample of companies and one medium of communication were used in carrying out the study. Increasing the sample size, the array of industries represented, and the variety of media may yield more robust results. Practical implications: Recommendations for communicating with a multi-stakeholder audience are proposed. Originality/value: The paper examines how stakeholders relate both to the organization and to one another, a focus not examined in great depth elsewhere in the literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-335
Number of pages13
JournalCorporate Communications
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2012


  • Annual reports
  • Chief executives
  • Communication
  • Corporate communication
  • Large enterprises
  • Multi-stakeholder approach
  • Text analysis
  • United States of America

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial relations
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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