The evolution of male mate-locating behavior in butterflies

R. L. Rutowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

124 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Describes the diversity in encounter-site locations and in the behavior of males at encounter sites and attempts to reveal the evolutionary patterns in this diversity by assessing the ecological correlates of various tactics. For species that pupate on the larval food plant and that feed on relatively large larval food plants, males focus their mate locating efforts on the larval food plant. Otherwise, males use non-resource-based encounter sites such as hilltops or landmarks in the environment. The ecological correlates of the behavior of males at encounter sites are examined with respect to site tenacity, time of day when encounter sites are visited, occurrence of site defense, and the behavior when waiting (perch or fly). These variables should be considered separately in that they may evolve independently. -from Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1121-1139
Number of pages19
JournalAmerican Naturalist
Volume138
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Fingerprint

butterfly
butterflies
food plants
food
perch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology

Cite this

The evolution of male mate-locating behavior in butterflies. / Rutowski, R. L.

In: American Naturalist, Vol. 138, No. 5, 1991, p. 1121-1139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rutowski, R. L. / The evolution of male mate-locating behavior in butterflies. In: American Naturalist. 1991 ; Vol. 138, No. 5. pp. 1121-1139.
@article{7858b355e886423fb827e8b385881e67,
title = "The evolution of male mate-locating behavior in butterflies",
abstract = "Describes the diversity in encounter-site locations and in the behavior of males at encounter sites and attempts to reveal the evolutionary patterns in this diversity by assessing the ecological correlates of various tactics. For species that pupate on the larval food plant and that feed on relatively large larval food plants, males focus their mate locating efforts on the larval food plant. Otherwise, males use non-resource-based encounter sites such as hilltops or landmarks in the environment. The ecological correlates of the behavior of males at encounter sites are examined with respect to site tenacity, time of day when encounter sites are visited, occurrence of site defense, and the behavior when waiting (perch or fly). These variables should be considered separately in that they may evolve independently. -from Author",
author = "Rutowski, {R. L.}",
year = "1991",
doi = "10.1086/285273",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "138",
pages = "1121--1139",
journal = "American Naturalist",
issn = "0003-0147",
publisher = "University of Chicago",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The evolution of male mate-locating behavior in butterflies

AU - Rutowski, R. L.

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - Describes the diversity in encounter-site locations and in the behavior of males at encounter sites and attempts to reveal the evolutionary patterns in this diversity by assessing the ecological correlates of various tactics. For species that pupate on the larval food plant and that feed on relatively large larval food plants, males focus their mate locating efforts on the larval food plant. Otherwise, males use non-resource-based encounter sites such as hilltops or landmarks in the environment. The ecological correlates of the behavior of males at encounter sites are examined with respect to site tenacity, time of day when encounter sites are visited, occurrence of site defense, and the behavior when waiting (perch or fly). These variables should be considered separately in that they may evolve independently. -from Author

AB - Describes the diversity in encounter-site locations and in the behavior of males at encounter sites and attempts to reveal the evolutionary patterns in this diversity by assessing the ecological correlates of various tactics. For species that pupate on the larval food plant and that feed on relatively large larval food plants, males focus their mate locating efforts on the larval food plant. Otherwise, males use non-resource-based encounter sites such as hilltops or landmarks in the environment. The ecological correlates of the behavior of males at encounter sites are examined with respect to site tenacity, time of day when encounter sites are visited, occurrence of site defense, and the behavior when waiting (perch or fly). These variables should be considered separately in that they may evolve independently. -from Author

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026279457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026279457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1086/285273

DO - 10.1086/285273

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0026279457

VL - 138

SP - 1121

EP - 1139

JO - American Naturalist

JF - American Naturalist

SN - 0003-0147

IS - 5

ER -