The epidemiology of observed temperament: Factor structure and demographic group differences

the Family Life Project Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the factor structure of observational indicators of children's temperament that were collected across the first three years of life in the Family Life Project (N=1205) sample. A four-factor model (activity level, fear, anger, regulation), which corresponded broadly to Rothbart's distinction between reactivity and regulation, provided an acceptable fit the observed data. Tests of measurement invariance demonstrated that a majority of the observational indicators exhibited comparable measurement properties for male vs. female, black vs. white, and poor vs. not-poor children, which improved the generalizability of these results. Unadjusted demographic group comparisons revealed small to moderate sized differences (Cohen ds=|.23-.42|) in temperamental reactivity and moderate to large sized differences (Cohen ds=-.64--.97) in regulation. Collectively, demographic variables explained more of the variation in regulation (R2=25) than in reactivity (R2=02-.06). Follow-up analyses demonstrated that race differences were substantially diminished in magnitude and better accounted for by poverty. These results help to validate the distinction between temperamental reactivity and regulation using observational indicators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-34
Number of pages14
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Volume39
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Fingerprint

Group Structure
Temperament
Epidemiology
Demography
Anger
Poverty
Fear

Keywords

  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Latent variable
  • Reactivity
  • Regulation
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

The epidemiology of observed temperament : Factor structure and demographic group differences. / the Family Life Project Investigators.

In: Infant Behavior and Development, Vol. 39, 01.05.2015, p. 21-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1e724fe53da2440099fa752e611afd92,
title = "The epidemiology of observed temperament: Factor structure and demographic group differences",
abstract = "This study investigated the factor structure of observational indicators of children's temperament that were collected across the first three years of life in the Family Life Project (N=1205) sample. A four-factor model (activity level, fear, anger, regulation), which corresponded broadly to Rothbart's distinction between reactivity and regulation, provided an acceptable fit the observed data. Tests of measurement invariance demonstrated that a majority of the observational indicators exhibited comparable measurement properties for male vs. female, black vs. white, and poor vs. not-poor children, which improved the generalizability of these results. Unadjusted demographic group comparisons revealed small to moderate sized differences (Cohen ds=|.23-.42|) in temperamental reactivity and moderate to large sized differences (Cohen ds=-.64--.97) in regulation. Collectively, demographic variables explained more of the variation in regulation (R2=25) than in reactivity (R2=02-.06). Follow-up analyses demonstrated that race differences were substantially diminished in magnitude and better accounted for by poverty. These results help to validate the distinction between temperamental reactivity and regulation using observational indicators.",
keywords = "Confirmatory factor analysis, Latent variable, Reactivity, Regulation, Temperament",
author = "{the Family Life Project Investigators} and Willoughby, {Michael T.} and Stifter, {Cynthia A.} and Gottfredson, {Nisha C.} and Lynne Vernon-Feagans and Martha Cox and Clancy Blair and Peg Burchinal and Linda Burton and Keith Crnic and Ann Crouter and Patricia Garrett-Peters and Mark Greenberg and Stephanie Lanza and Roger Mills-Koonce and Debra Skinner and Cynthia Stifter and Emily Werner and Michael Willoughby",
year = "2015",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.infbeh.2015.02.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "39",
pages = "21--34",
journal = "Infant Behavior and Development",
issn = "0163-6383",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The epidemiology of observed temperament

T2 - Factor structure and demographic group differences

AU - the Family Life Project Investigators

AU - Willoughby, Michael T.

AU - Stifter, Cynthia A.

AU - Gottfredson, Nisha C.

AU - Vernon-Feagans, Lynne

AU - Cox, Martha

AU - Blair, Clancy

AU - Burchinal, Peg

AU - Burton, Linda

AU - Crnic, Keith

AU - Crouter, Ann

AU - Garrett-Peters, Patricia

AU - Greenberg, Mark

AU - Lanza, Stephanie

AU - Mills-Koonce, Roger

AU - Skinner, Debra

AU - Stifter, Cynthia

AU - Werner, Emily

AU - Willoughby, Michael

PY - 2015/5/1

Y1 - 2015/5/1

N2 - This study investigated the factor structure of observational indicators of children's temperament that were collected across the first three years of life in the Family Life Project (N=1205) sample. A four-factor model (activity level, fear, anger, regulation), which corresponded broadly to Rothbart's distinction between reactivity and regulation, provided an acceptable fit the observed data. Tests of measurement invariance demonstrated that a majority of the observational indicators exhibited comparable measurement properties for male vs. female, black vs. white, and poor vs. not-poor children, which improved the generalizability of these results. Unadjusted demographic group comparisons revealed small to moderate sized differences (Cohen ds=|.23-.42|) in temperamental reactivity and moderate to large sized differences (Cohen ds=-.64--.97) in regulation. Collectively, demographic variables explained more of the variation in regulation (R2=25) than in reactivity (R2=02-.06). Follow-up analyses demonstrated that race differences were substantially diminished in magnitude and better accounted for by poverty. These results help to validate the distinction between temperamental reactivity and regulation using observational indicators.

AB - This study investigated the factor structure of observational indicators of children's temperament that were collected across the first three years of life in the Family Life Project (N=1205) sample. A four-factor model (activity level, fear, anger, regulation), which corresponded broadly to Rothbart's distinction between reactivity and regulation, provided an acceptable fit the observed data. Tests of measurement invariance demonstrated that a majority of the observational indicators exhibited comparable measurement properties for male vs. female, black vs. white, and poor vs. not-poor children, which improved the generalizability of these results. Unadjusted demographic group comparisons revealed small to moderate sized differences (Cohen ds=|.23-.42|) in temperamental reactivity and moderate to large sized differences (Cohen ds=-.64--.97) in regulation. Collectively, demographic variables explained more of the variation in regulation (R2=25) than in reactivity (R2=02-.06). Follow-up analyses demonstrated that race differences were substantially diminished in magnitude and better accounted for by poverty. These results help to validate the distinction between temperamental reactivity and regulation using observational indicators.

KW - Confirmatory factor analysis

KW - Latent variable

KW - Reactivity

KW - Regulation

KW - Temperament

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84923352693&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84923352693&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2015.02.001

DO - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2015.02.001

M3 - Article

C2 - 25733489

AN - SCOPUS:84923352693

VL - 39

SP - 21

EP - 34

JO - Infant Behavior and Development

JF - Infant Behavior and Development

SN - 0163-6383

ER -