The enduring effect of availability

Krystin M. Corby, Donald Homa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study addressed whether experienced ease of retrieval of autobiographical events affects trait judgments made immediately and after a delay (Experiment 1) and whether this influence is modulated by either of two discounting instructions (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, participants first attempted to retrieve 6 or 12 personal memories for different traits and then made ease of retrieval and self-trait judgments immediately or 1 week later. In Experiment 2, participants made immediate ratings and then delayed ratings under 3 instructional manipulations: a generic instruction to repeat these judgments, to make these ratings after they were reminded of their original recall total, or to make these ratings after they had their retrieval ease discounted or augmented. In each experiment, an enduring effect of availability was obtained in that the relationship between ease of retrieval and self-trait rating was only slightly affected by the delay. Being reminded of the original number of recalled memories nullified the relationship between ease of retrieval and trait rating. However, discounting or augmenting ease of retrieval, which altered ease of retrieval ratings, did not. Potential explanations for an enduring effect of availability are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-202
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychology
Volume124
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Fingerprint

Rating
Experiment
Repeats
Manipulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

The enduring effect of availability. / Corby, Krystin M.; Homa, Donald.

In: American Journal of Psychology, Vol. 124, No. 2, 06.2011, p. 189-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Corby, Krystin M. ; Homa, Donald. / The enduring effect of availability. In: American Journal of Psychology. 2011 ; Vol. 124, No. 2. pp. 189-202.
@article{85eb1487f2c44db69c658ff5d713f091,
title = "The enduring effect of availability",
abstract = "The present study addressed whether experienced ease of retrieval of autobiographical events affects trait judgments made immediately and after a delay (Experiment 1) and whether this influence is modulated by either of two discounting instructions (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, participants first attempted to retrieve 6 or 12 personal memories for different traits and then made ease of retrieval and self-trait judgments immediately or 1 week later. In Experiment 2, participants made immediate ratings and then delayed ratings under 3 instructional manipulations: a generic instruction to repeat these judgments, to make these ratings after they were reminded of their original recall total, or to make these ratings after they had their retrieval ease discounted or augmented. In each experiment, an enduring effect of availability was obtained in that the relationship between ease of retrieval and self-trait rating was only slightly affected by the delay. Being reminded of the original number of recalled memories nullified the relationship between ease of retrieval and trait rating. However, discounting or augmenting ease of retrieval, which altered ease of retrieval ratings, did not. Potential explanations for an enduring effect of availability are discussed.",
author = "Corby, {Krystin M.} and Donald Homa",
year = "2011",
month = "6",
doi = "10.5406/amerjpsyc.124.2.0189",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "124",
pages = "189--202",
journal = "American Journal of Psychology",
issn = "0002-9556",
publisher = "University of Illinois Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The enduring effect of availability

AU - Corby, Krystin M.

AU - Homa, Donald

PY - 2011/6

Y1 - 2011/6

N2 - The present study addressed whether experienced ease of retrieval of autobiographical events affects trait judgments made immediately and after a delay (Experiment 1) and whether this influence is modulated by either of two discounting instructions (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, participants first attempted to retrieve 6 or 12 personal memories for different traits and then made ease of retrieval and self-trait judgments immediately or 1 week later. In Experiment 2, participants made immediate ratings and then delayed ratings under 3 instructional manipulations: a generic instruction to repeat these judgments, to make these ratings after they were reminded of their original recall total, or to make these ratings after they had their retrieval ease discounted or augmented. In each experiment, an enduring effect of availability was obtained in that the relationship between ease of retrieval and self-trait rating was only slightly affected by the delay. Being reminded of the original number of recalled memories nullified the relationship between ease of retrieval and trait rating. However, discounting or augmenting ease of retrieval, which altered ease of retrieval ratings, did not. Potential explanations for an enduring effect of availability are discussed.

AB - The present study addressed whether experienced ease of retrieval of autobiographical events affects trait judgments made immediately and after a delay (Experiment 1) and whether this influence is modulated by either of two discounting instructions (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, participants first attempted to retrieve 6 or 12 personal memories for different traits and then made ease of retrieval and self-trait judgments immediately or 1 week later. In Experiment 2, participants made immediate ratings and then delayed ratings under 3 instructional manipulations: a generic instruction to repeat these judgments, to make these ratings after they were reminded of their original recall total, or to make these ratings after they had their retrieval ease discounted or augmented. In each experiment, an enduring effect of availability was obtained in that the relationship between ease of retrieval and self-trait rating was only slightly affected by the delay. Being reminded of the original number of recalled memories nullified the relationship between ease of retrieval and trait rating. However, discounting or augmenting ease of retrieval, which altered ease of retrieval ratings, did not. Potential explanations for an enduring effect of availability are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84855367902&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84855367902&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5406/amerjpsyc.124.2.0189

DO - 10.5406/amerjpsyc.124.2.0189

M3 - Article

C2 - 21834404

AN - SCOPUS:84855367902

VL - 124

SP - 189

EP - 202

JO - American Journal of Psychology

JF - American Journal of Psychology

SN - 0002-9556

IS - 2

ER -