The effects of sun exposure on carotenoid accumulation and oxidative stress in the retina of the House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus)

Matthew B. Toomey, Kevin McGraw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Diet-derived carotenoid pigments are concentrated in the retinas of birds and serve a variety of functions, including photoprotection. In domesticated bird species (e.g., chickens and quail), retinal carotenoid pigmentation has been shown to respond to large manipulations in light exposure and provide protection against photodamage. However, it is not known if or how wild birds respond to ecologically relevant variation in sun exposure. Methods: We manipulated the duration of natural sunlight exposure and dietary carotenoid levels in wild-caught captive House Finches (Haemorhous mexicanus), then measured carotenoid accumulation and oxidative stress in the retina. Results: We found no significant effects of sun exposure on retinal levels of carotenoids or lipid peroxidation, in replicate experiments, in winter (Jan-Mar) and spring/summer (May-June). Dietary carotenoid supplementation in the spring/summer experiment led to significantly higher retinal carotenoid levels, but did not affect lipid peroxidation. Carotenoid levels differed significantly between the winter and spring/summer experiments, with higher retinal and lower plasma carotenoid levels in birds from the later experiment. Conclusion: Our results suggest that variation in the duration of exposure to direct sunlight have limited influence on intraspecific variation in retinal carotenoid accumulation, but that accumulation may track other seasonal-environmental cues and physiological processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5
JournalAvian Research
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 29 2016

Fingerprint

carotenoid
retina
carotenoids
oxidative stress
bird
birds
summer
solar radiation
lipid peroxidation
retinaldehyde
experiment
lipid
Carpodacus mexicanus
effect
exposure
photoprotection
environmental cue
winter
photostability
intraspecific variation

Keywords

  • Carotenoids
  • Haemorhous mexicanus
  • House Finch
  • Photostress
  • Vision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

The effects of sun exposure on carotenoid accumulation and oxidative stress in the retina of the House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus). / Toomey, Matthew B.; McGraw, Kevin.

In: Avian Research, Vol. 7, No. 1, 5, 29.03.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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