The effects of prosody on sentence comprehension: evidence from a neurotypical control group and seven cases of chronic stroke

Arianna N. LaCroix, Nicole Blumenstein, Chloe Houlihan, Corianne Rogalsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Both prosody and sentence structure (e.g., canonical versus non-canonical) affect sentence comprehension. However, few previous studies have examined a possible interaction between prosody and sentence structure. In adult controls we found a significant interaction: typical sentence prosody, versus list prosody, facilitated comprehension of only some sentence structures. In seven stroke patients, impaired attentional control was related to impaired comprehension with sentence prosody but not list prosody; impaired working memory was related to impaired comprehension with list prosody, but not sentence prosody. Thus, non-canonical sentence comprehension impairments in stroke patients may be modulated by prosody, based on a patient’s cognitive abilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-117
Number of pages12
JournalNeurocase
Volume25
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 4 2019

Keywords

  • Sentence comprehension
  • aphasia
  • cognition
  • prosody
  • sentence structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology

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