The effects of occupational injuries after returns to work: Work absences and losses of on-the-job productivity

Richard J. Butler, Marjorie Baldwin, William Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


We extend the research on postinjury employment by estimating productivity losses for workers with permanent partial disabilities (PPDs) in the first three years after injury. Our method distinguishes between productivity losses attributed to spells of work absence versus reduced earnings during spells of employment. The method is applied to data for 800 Ontario workers with PPDs. The results document large productivity losses persisting at least three years after injury, with different loss patterns for workers returning to stable versus unstable employment. Human capital investments or job accommodations can reduce productivity losses, but the significant determinants of losses differ for the stable versus unstable employment groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-334
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Risk and Insurance
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this