The effects of demographic, social, and environmental characteristics on pathogen prevalence in wild felids across a gradient of urbanization

Jesse Lewis, Kenneth A. Logan, Mat W. Alldredge, Scott Carver, Sarah N. Bevins, Michael Lappin, Sue VandeWoude, Kevin R. Crooks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transmission of pathogens among animals is influenced by demographic, social, and environmental factors. Anthropogenic alteration of landscapes can impact patterns of disease dynamics in wildlife populations, increasing the potential for spillover and spread of emerging infectious diseases in wildlife, human, and domestic animal populations. We evaluated the effects of multiple ecological mechanisms on patterns of pathogen exposure in animal populations. Specifically, we evaluated how ecological factors affected the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (Toxoplasma), Bartonella spp. (Bartonella), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), and feline calicivirus (FCV) in bobcat and puma populations across wildland-urban interface (WUI), low-density exurban development, and wildland habitat on the Western Slope (WS) and Front Range (FR) of Colorado during 2009–2011. Samples were collected from 37 bobcats and 29 pumas on the WS and FR. As predicted, age appeared to be positively related to the exposure to pathogens that are both environmentally transmitted (Toxoplasma) and directly transmitted between animals (FIV). In addition, WS bobcats appeared more likely to be exposed to Toxoplasma with increasing intraspecific space-use overlap. However, counter to our predictions, exposure to directly-transmitted pathogens (FCV and FIV) was more likely with decreasing space-use overlap (FCV: WS bobcats) and potential intraspecific contacts (FIV: FR pumas). Environmental factors, including urbanization and landscape covariates, were generally unsupported in our models. This study is an approximation of how pathogens can be evaluated in relation to demographic, social, and environmental factors to understand pathogen exposure in wild animal populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0187035
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Fingerprint

Lynx
Urbanization
Felidae
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
Lynx rufus
Pathogens
Feline immunodeficiency virus
urbanization
Feline Calicivirus
Puma
Toxoplasma
Feline calicivirus
demographic statistics
Demography
Animals
Viruses
pathogens
Bartonella
Population
environmental factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

The effects of demographic, social, and environmental characteristics on pathogen prevalence in wild felids across a gradient of urbanization. / Lewis, Jesse; Logan, Kenneth A.; Alldredge, Mat W.; Carver, Scott; Bevins, Sarah N.; Lappin, Michael; VandeWoude, Sue; Crooks, Kevin R.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 12, No. 11, e0187035, 01.11.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lewis, Jesse ; Logan, Kenneth A. ; Alldredge, Mat W. ; Carver, Scott ; Bevins, Sarah N. ; Lappin, Michael ; VandeWoude, Sue ; Crooks, Kevin R. / The effects of demographic, social, and environmental characteristics on pathogen prevalence in wild felids across a gradient of urbanization. In: PLoS One. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 11.
@article{25009bb1a682403bb16192ab2fcc2a39,
title = "The effects of demographic, social, and environmental characteristics on pathogen prevalence in wild felids across a gradient of urbanization",
abstract = "Transmission of pathogens among animals is influenced by demographic, social, and environmental factors. Anthropogenic alteration of landscapes can impact patterns of disease dynamics in wildlife populations, increasing the potential for spillover and spread of emerging infectious diseases in wildlife, human, and domestic animal populations. We evaluated the effects of multiple ecological mechanisms on patterns of pathogen exposure in animal populations. Specifically, we evaluated how ecological factors affected the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (Toxoplasma), Bartonella spp. (Bartonella), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), and feline calicivirus (FCV) in bobcat and puma populations across wildland-urban interface (WUI), low-density exurban development, and wildland habitat on the Western Slope (WS) and Front Range (FR) of Colorado during 2009–2011. Samples were collected from 37 bobcats and 29 pumas on the WS and FR. As predicted, age appeared to be positively related to the exposure to pathogens that are both environmentally transmitted (Toxoplasma) and directly transmitted between animals (FIV). In addition, WS bobcats appeared more likely to be exposed to Toxoplasma with increasing intraspecific space-use overlap. However, counter to our predictions, exposure to directly-transmitted pathogens (FCV and FIV) was more likely with decreasing space-use overlap (FCV: WS bobcats) and potential intraspecific contacts (FIV: FR pumas). Environmental factors, including urbanization and landscape covariates, were generally unsupported in our models. This study is an approximation of how pathogens can be evaluated in relation to demographic, social, and environmental factors to understand pathogen exposure in wild animal populations.",
author = "Jesse Lewis and Logan, {Kenneth A.} and Alldredge, {Mat W.} and Scott Carver and Bevins, {Sarah N.} and Michael Lappin and Sue VandeWoude and Crooks, {Kevin R.}",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0187035",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of demographic, social, and environmental characteristics on pathogen prevalence in wild felids across a gradient of urbanization

AU - Lewis, Jesse

AU - Logan, Kenneth A.

AU - Alldredge, Mat W.

AU - Carver, Scott

AU - Bevins, Sarah N.

AU - Lappin, Michael

AU - VandeWoude, Sue

AU - Crooks, Kevin R.

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Transmission of pathogens among animals is influenced by demographic, social, and environmental factors. Anthropogenic alteration of landscapes can impact patterns of disease dynamics in wildlife populations, increasing the potential for spillover and spread of emerging infectious diseases in wildlife, human, and domestic animal populations. We evaluated the effects of multiple ecological mechanisms on patterns of pathogen exposure in animal populations. Specifically, we evaluated how ecological factors affected the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (Toxoplasma), Bartonella spp. (Bartonella), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), and feline calicivirus (FCV) in bobcat and puma populations across wildland-urban interface (WUI), low-density exurban development, and wildland habitat on the Western Slope (WS) and Front Range (FR) of Colorado during 2009–2011. Samples were collected from 37 bobcats and 29 pumas on the WS and FR. As predicted, age appeared to be positively related to the exposure to pathogens that are both environmentally transmitted (Toxoplasma) and directly transmitted between animals (FIV). In addition, WS bobcats appeared more likely to be exposed to Toxoplasma with increasing intraspecific space-use overlap. However, counter to our predictions, exposure to directly-transmitted pathogens (FCV and FIV) was more likely with decreasing space-use overlap (FCV: WS bobcats) and potential intraspecific contacts (FIV: FR pumas). Environmental factors, including urbanization and landscape covariates, were generally unsupported in our models. This study is an approximation of how pathogens can be evaluated in relation to demographic, social, and environmental factors to understand pathogen exposure in wild animal populations.

AB - Transmission of pathogens among animals is influenced by demographic, social, and environmental factors. Anthropogenic alteration of landscapes can impact patterns of disease dynamics in wildlife populations, increasing the potential for spillover and spread of emerging infectious diseases in wildlife, human, and domestic animal populations. We evaluated the effects of multiple ecological mechanisms on patterns of pathogen exposure in animal populations. Specifically, we evaluated how ecological factors affected the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (Toxoplasma), Bartonella spp. (Bartonella), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), and feline calicivirus (FCV) in bobcat and puma populations across wildland-urban interface (WUI), low-density exurban development, and wildland habitat on the Western Slope (WS) and Front Range (FR) of Colorado during 2009–2011. Samples were collected from 37 bobcats and 29 pumas on the WS and FR. As predicted, age appeared to be positively related to the exposure to pathogens that are both environmentally transmitted (Toxoplasma) and directly transmitted between animals (FIV). In addition, WS bobcats appeared more likely to be exposed to Toxoplasma with increasing intraspecific space-use overlap. However, counter to our predictions, exposure to directly-transmitted pathogens (FCV and FIV) was more likely with decreasing space-use overlap (FCV: WS bobcats) and potential intraspecific contacts (FIV: FR pumas). Environmental factors, including urbanization and landscape covariates, were generally unsupported in our models. This study is an approximation of how pathogens can be evaluated in relation to demographic, social, and environmental factors to understand pathogen exposure in wild animal populations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85033489126&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85033489126&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0187035

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0187035

M3 - Article

C2 - 29121060

AN - SCOPUS:85033489126

VL - 12

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 11

M1 - e0187035

ER -