The effects of anger and relaxation forms of in vivo emotive imagery on pain tolerance

T. B. Westcott, J. J. Horan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


To examine the effects of 'in vivo' emotive imagery on pain tolerance, 80 subjects were stratified on sex, and assigned randomly to no-treatment control, neutral imagery, anger emotive imagery, or relaxation emotive imagery conditions during which they were asked to immerse their hands in icewater (0°C) for as long as possible. A sex by treatment analysis of variance followed by Tukey post hoc comparisons showed that anger 'in vivo' emotive imagery was significantly more effective for female subjects than no-treatment control procedures. No significant differences were noted in the male sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-223
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Behavioural Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Psychology(all)

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