The effectiveness of bioaugmentation in nitrifying systems stressed by a washout condition and cold temperature

Dilrika H. Abeysinghe, D. G. Viraj De Silva, David A. Stahl, Bruce E. Rittmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bioaugmentation consists of adding selected strains of microorganisms with known capabilities to a biological process to improve performance. In this study, laboratory-scale completely stirred tank reactors were bioaugmented with nitrifying bacteria while operated under high-stress conditions for the nitrifiers: a 2-day solids retention time (SRT) at 22 °C or a 5-day SRT at 4 °C. Intensive sampling was carried out to document the effects of the bioaugmentation. To quantitatively interpret the effects of biomass addition on process performance, mathematical modeling was carried out. Experimental and modeling results indicate that the maximum effect of a one-time bioaugmentation depend on the dose and decays as bioaugmented nitrifiers are washed out. Daily maintenance dosing results in long-term good performance, provided that the dose is large enough. For severe stress, almost all of the biomass in the system must be added by bioaugmentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-199
Number of pages13
JournalWater Environment Research
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ammonia oxidizers
  • Bioaugmentation
  • Mathematical modeling
  • Nitrification
  • Solids retention time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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