The effect of silicon on the high temperature oxidation behavior of low-carbon steels containing the residual elements copper and nickel

Bryan A. Webler, Seetharaman Sridhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates effects of silicon on copper- and nickel-rich phases during the oxidation of iron-based alloys containing 0.3 wt% copper and 0.3 wt% copper +0.15wt% nickel in addition to steel samples containing various amounts of copper (0.17-0.41 wt%), nickel (0.03-0.13wt%), and silicon (0.03-0.12 wt%). Samples were exposed to air at 1 150°C for 60, 300, and 600s. A low-carbon steel sample (0.02 wt% silicon) without copper and nickel was subjected to the same conditions for comparison. The oxidation rates of copper- and nickel-containing steels decreased with time and were consistently lower than the rate of the residual-free low-carbon steel. An internal oxide layer was observed only in the copper- and nickel-containing steels. The number of internal oxides in this layer increased with oxidation time and larger internal oxides in this layer were characterized to be rich in iron and silicon. Compared to the iron-copper-nickel alloy, steels containing copper, nickel, and silicon, had more copper-, nickel-rich material found as particles entrapped in the oxide. It is proposed that the population of internal silica particles increases due to increasing oxygen content near the oxide/metal interface. The rise in oxygen content results from increased oxygen solubility caused by copper and nickel enrichment. These internal oxides decrease oxidation rate and assist occlusion. An increase by a factor of 10 in amount of occluded material was measured in material containing copper, nickel and silicon compared to copper and nickel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1245-1254
Number of pages10
JournalISIJ International
Volume47
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Copper
  • High-residual containing steels
  • Internal oxidation
  • Nickel
  • Occlusion
  • Silicon
  • Surface hot shortness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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