The effect of metal (hydr)oxide nano-enabling on intraparticle mass transport of organic contaminants in hybrid granular activated carbon

Jose Garcia, Jasmina Markovski, J. McKay Gifford, Onur Apul, Kiril Hristovski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The overarching goal of this study was to ascertain the changes in intraparticle mass transport rates for organic contaminants resulting from nano-enabled hybridization of commercially available granular activated carbon (GAC). Three different nano-enabled hybrid media were fabricated by in-situ synthesizing titanium dioxide nanoparticles inside the pores of GAC sorbent, characterized, and evaluated for removal of two model organic contaminants under realistic conditions to obtain the intraparticle mass transport (pore and surface diffusion) coefficients. The results validated the two hypotheses that: (H1) the pore diffusion rates of organic contaminants linearly decrease with decrease in cumulative pore volume caused by increase in metal (hydr)oxide nanoparticle content inside the pores of the hybrid GAC sorbent; and (H2) introduction of metal (hydr)oxide nanoparticles initially increases surface diffusivity, but additional loading causes its decrease as the increase in metal (hydr)oxide nanoparticles content continues to reduce the porosity of the GAC sorbent. Nano-enabled hybridization of commercially available GAC with metal (hydr)oxides has the potential to significantly increase the intraparticle mass transport limitations for organic contaminants. Introduction of metal (hydr)oxide nanoparticles inside the pores of a pristine sorbent causes the pore diffusion rates of organic contaminants to decrease as the cumulative pore volume is reduced. In contrast, the introduction of limited amounts of metal (hydr)oxide nanoparticles appears to facilitate the surface diffusion rates of these contaminants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1219-1227
Number of pages9
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume586
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2017

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Nanoparticles
  • Organic contaminant
  • Pore diffusion
  • Surface diffusion
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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