The effect of local variation in malaria transmission on the prevalence of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine resistant haplotypes and selective sweep characteristics in Malawi

Elena Artimovich, Atupele Kapito-Tembo, Paul Pensulo, Osward Nyirenda, Sarah Brown, Sudhaunshu Joshi, Terrie E. Taylor, Don Mathanga, Ananias A. Escalante, Miriam K. Laufer, Shannon Takala-Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Persistence of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) resistance has been described in an urban setting in Malawi where malaria transmission is relatively low. Higher malaria transmission is associated with greater genetic diversity and more frequent genetic recombination, which could lead to a more rapid re-emergence of SP-sensitive parasites, as well as more rapid degradation of selective sweeps. In this study, the impact of local variation in malaria transmission on the prevalence of SP-resistant haplotypes and selective sweep characteristics was investigated at an urban site with low parasite prevalence and two rural sites with moderate and high parasite prevalence. Methods: Samples from three sites with different parasite prevalence were genotyped for resistance markers within pfdhfr-ts and pfdhps and at microsatellites flanking these genes. Expected heterozygosity (He) was estimated to evaluate genetic diversity. Results: No difference in the prevalence of highly resistant DHFR 51I/59R/108N and DHPS 437G/540E was found between sites. Small differences in He flanking pfdhfr-ts and pfdhps were seen between rural-moderate and the other sites, as well as some shared haplotypes between the rural-high and urban-low sites. Conclusions: The results do not show an effect of local variation in malaria transmission, as inferred from parasite prevalence, on SP-resistant haplotype prevalence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number387
JournalMalaria journal
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2015

Keywords

  • Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS)
  • Malaria
  • Resistance
  • Selective sweeps
  • Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Artimovich, E., Kapito-Tembo, A., Pensulo, P., Nyirenda, O., Brown, S., Joshi, S., Taylor, T. E., Mathanga, D., Escalante, A. A., Laufer, M. K., & Takala-Harrison, S. (2015). The effect of local variation in malaria transmission on the prevalence of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine resistant haplotypes and selective sweep characteristics in Malawi. Malaria journal, 14(1), [387]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-015-0860-7