The Effect of Gang Membership on Victimization: A Behavioral Genetic Explanation

J. C. Barnes, Brian B. Boutwell, Kathleen Talbot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study represents the first attempt to examine how genetic and environmental factors work in concert to influence gang membership, victimization, and the effect of gang membership on victimization experiences. Using data drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the present study employs behavioral genetic modeling (i.e., the ACE model and the DeFries-Fulker model) to examine these associations. The findings indicate that gang affiliation is influenced significantly by both genetic factors and environmental factors that are uniquely experienced by the individual. Controlling for heritable influences, gang membership increased the risk of victimization over time. The latter finding suggests that gang membership operates as a nonshared environmental influence on victimization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-244
Number of pages18
JournalYouth Violence and Juvenile Justice
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Fingerprint

Behavioral Genetics
Crime Victims
victimization
heredity
environmental factors
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
concert
longitudinal study
adolescent
health
experience

Keywords

  • behavior genetics
  • gangs
  • nonshared environment
  • victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

The Effect of Gang Membership on Victimization : A Behavioral Genetic Explanation. / Barnes, J. C.; Boutwell, Brian B.; Talbot, Kathleen.

In: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, Vol. 10, No. 3, 07.2012, p. 227-244.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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